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Posted 31 Jan 2013
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Introduction to the Green-forest Framework

, 31 Jan 2013
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An introduction to the Green-forest Framework for creating a web application example.

Green-forest Logo


Green-forest Framework is a simple IoC Container with Action-Handler architecture. It's not a competitor for Spring Framework or JEE but it's a powerful addition for these frameworks. You can use Green-forest for a single class implementation or for complex business logic.

The Action-Handler architecture can be presented by this scheme:

As you see on the scheme we divide our logic into some classes:

  1. Action

  2. The Action class presents an "atomic business method" and contains input and output data:

    //Action with String input and Integer output data
    public class SomeAction extends Action<String, Integer>{
        public SomeAction(String input) {
  3. Handler

  4. The Handler class presents an implementation of business logic:

    public class SomeHandler extends Handler<SomeAction>{
        SomeService service;
        public void invoke(SomeAction action) throws Exception {
            String input = action.getInput();
            Integer result = service.doSomeWork(input);
  5. Framework

  6. The Framework's Engine ensures functioning of handlers:

    //create Engine instance
    Engine engine = new Engine();
    //register the handler
    //invoke the action
    Integer result = engine.invoke(new SomeAction("some data"));


What is the motivation for using the Green-forest framework? The main task is to simplify code: transfer of one big class (some service implementation) to a set of small classes (handlers).

See this example: "Classic" implementation presents one big class in 1000 lines of code:

//"classic" impl of API
public class SomeBigServiceImpl implements SomeService {
    public Doc createDoc(...){...}
    public Doc createDocWithAttach(...){...}
    public Doc getDocById(...){...}
    public List getDocsList(...){...}
    //and many many other methods on 1000 lines of a code

Action-Handler implementation presents a set of small classes:

//Action-Handler API
public class CreateDocHandler extends Handler<CreateDoc>{
  //10-20 lines of code

public class CreateDocWithAttachHandler extends Handler<CreateDocWithAttach>{
  //10-20 lines of code

public class GetDocByIdHandler extends Handler<GetDoc>{
  //10-20 lines of code

public class GetDocListHandler extends Handler<GetDocList>{
  //10-20 lines of code

Example application


Let's review a simple example application with Green-forest framework. It presents a web interface for users and uses a database for storage. With this application we can create, read, update, and delete simple objects.

Here is a view of the application's web interface:

You can download binaries and sources for this example from the article's download section. After downloading the "web-app-example.war" file, deploy it into your Web Server. This application was tested on a Tomcat 7.0.28 web server.

Explanation of example

First we present the model class for CRUD operations - Doc:

package example.common.model;

public class Doc {
    public long id;
    public String name;

After that we create the set of actions - our business API:


Every class of this set is an action class:

package example.common.action;

public class RenameDoc extends Action<Doc, Void> {
    public RenameDoc(int id, String newName){
        this(new Doc(id, newName));

So we can use these actions in our web layer:

package example.web;

public class AppServlet extends HttpServlet {

    public void doPost(HttpServletRequest req, HttpServletResponse resp) {
        //get data for update
        int id = Util.tryParse(req.getParameter("id"), -1);
        String newName = req.getParameter("name");
        //invoke update action
        application.invoke(new RenameDoc(id, newName));


And for every action we create its own handler:


public class RenameDocHandler extends Handler<RenameDoc>{
    Connection c;

    public void invoke(RenameDoc action) throws Exception {
        Doc input = action.input();
        PreparedStatement ps = c.prepareStatement("UPDATE doc SET name=? WHERE id=?");

That's it! We receive a set of compact simple classes for API (Actions) and for implementation (Handlers).


Green-forest Framework presents a new perspective on the development of Java applications. It's a free open-source tool which can simplify the code of your application. This library requires minimum time to learn and is suitable for a wide range of tasks. Happy coding with it!


This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)


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GeneralMy vote of 5 Pin
Fred Flams1-Feb-13 1:54
memberFred Flams1-Feb-13 1:54 

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