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How to set the connection string in your LINQ dbml file dynamically based on web.config

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2 May 2011CPOL2 min read 73.1K   8   5
How to set the connection string in your LINQ dbml file dynamically based on web.config
Ideally, you want your LINQ database connection strings defined outside your compiled code and to be held in the Web.Config instead.

Unfortunately, by default, they are added to your Settings.cs file which is then compiled away into your code. This has the effect of reducing your ability to easily configure your applications for different environments (i.e., you would need to have different compiled DLLs for dev, test and production).

It is also LESS secure because you can easily use reflection to examine your DLLs for passwords - whereas you can encrypt the web.config so it is only viewable to people who have permissions to the IIS console. This is more difficult to break.

The recommendations to remedy this issue in the following MSDN blog is slightly wrong. He suggests that you remove the default constructor in the designer. This is bad because you would have to fix up the file every time you regenerate your dbml file. Instead, you should use what is provided to you and set the property on the designer for "Application Settings" to false and also do the following steps every time you will go for the drag and drop your stored procedure and user defined functions.

  1. Right click on any white space in dbml file.
  2. Click on properties option.
  3. Select drop down for Connection option in Properties window.
  4. Choose last option from drop down for Connection option which should be none.
  5. Close Properties window and press Save.

This allows you to define a default constructor in your own partial class that extends your dbml context designer classes like example:
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Configuration; // For Reading Connection String from Web.Config
/// Th class for handling Common Connection String from Web.Config file by the Default Constructor for all DBML Files
namespace DMNxtGen.DataAccess
/// The class for handling Common Connection String from Web.Config file by the UserClassesDataContext Constructor.

public partial class UserClassesDataContext
public UserClassesDataContext()
: base(ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["WebConnectionString"].ConnectionString, mappingSource)

In the above example, UserClassesDataContext is the class name of the LINQ to SQL(DBML) file and WebConnectionString is the name of the Connection String in Web.Config.

Happy coding.


This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

Written By
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United States United States
Rohit started Embedded Programing in his college days and now he is a Software Developer by Profession. Mainly he interested in cutting edge technology offer by Microsoft (i.e Azure,MVC). He Loves coding and his passion is always been towards Microsoft Technologies. Apart from coding his other hobbies include reading books and hang out with friends is his most favorite past time hobby.

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Comments and Discussions

QuestionWhat's wrong? Pin
vahhab_samadi29-Nov-13 21:11
vahhab_samadi29-Nov-13 21:11 
I'm using your method for Windows Form Application.
I'm using VS 2010 IDE.
When i set application setting to false, the last item in connection drop down (string property name) disappeared.
Then i manually changed the constructor to load connection string from application CONFIG FILE, however by adding new tables from data source, again constructor updated by old one.
Can you let me know what i missed in this process?
Something same as this reported in Stackoverflow.
QuestionPerfect Pin
bone krusher23-Oct-13 9:12
bone krusher23-Oct-13 9:12 
AnswerRe: Perfect Pin
maq_rohit25-Nov-13 23:07
professionalmaq_rohit25-Nov-13 23:07 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pin
Member 96050076-Aug-13 4:21
Member 96050076-Aug-13 4:21 
GeneralRe: My vote of 5 Pin
maq_rohit21-Aug-13 12:58
professionalmaq_rohit21-Aug-13 12:58 

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