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How To Use Async Pipe In Angular 8

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24 Mar 2020CPOL
How to use Async pipe in Angular applications
In this article, we will learn how to use async pipe in Angular 8 application. We start off with defining an Async pipe and listing its advantages, followed by how to use the code. We will then look at how to create an ASP.NET application and how to write the backend related code using SQL server.

What is Async Pipe?

Async Pipe is an impure pipe which automatically subscribes to an observable to emit the latest values. It not only subscribes to an observable but it also subscribes to promise and calls the method. When the components get destroyed, it automatically unsubscribes it to reduce memory leaks.

Advantages of Async Pipe

  1. Async Pipe makes rendering of data from observable and promise easier.
  2. For promises, it automatically calls the method, and
  3. for observables, it automatically calls subscribe and unsubscribe.

Using the Code

Prerequisites

  • Basic knowledge of Angular
  • Visual Studio Code must be installed
  • Angular CLI must be installed
  • Node JS must be installed

Step 1

Let's create a new Angular project using the following NPM command:

ng new asyncPipe

Step 2

Now, let's create a new component by using the following command:

ng g c async-pipe-example

Step 3

Now, open the async-pipe-example.component.html file and add the following code in the file:

<div class="card">       
<div class="card-body pb-0">         
<h4 style="text-align:  center">{{SampleMessage}}         </h4>

<div class="row">           
<div class="col-12 col-md-12">             
<div class="card">                    
<div class="card-body position-relative">                 
<div class="table-responsive cnstr-record product-tbl">
<table class="table table-bordered heading-hvr">
	<tbody>
		<tr>
			<td>
			</td>
			<th width="50">Art.No   Brand   Price/Unit   Provider   P. Art.  N  S. A/C
			</th>
		</tr>
	</tbody>
	<tbody>
		<tr>
			<td>
			</td>
			<td align="center">{{product.ArtNo}}    {{product.Brand}}    
			{{product.Price }}    {{product.Provider}}    
            {{product.ProviderArtNo}}    {{product.SalesAccount}}
			<p>Here in the below code we can see how to apply async pipe 
               with our structural directive *ngFor</p>

			<pre lang="C++"> 

Step 4

Now, open the async-pipe-example.component.ts file and add the following code in this file:

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';    
import { ProductsService } from '../product.service';    
import { Observable } from 'rxjs';    
    
@Component({    
  selector: 'app-async-pipe-example',    
  templateUrl: './async-pipe-example.component.html',    
  styleUrls: ['./async-pipe-example.component.css']    
})    
export class AsyncPipeExampleComponent implements OnInit {    
  products = [];    
  products$:Observable<any>;    
  SampleMessage="Example of Angular Async Pipe";    
    
  constructor(private _productService:ProductsService) { }    
    
  ngOnInit() {    
    //this.getProductsUsingSubscribeMethod();    
    this.getProductsUsingAsyncPipe();    
  }    
    
  public getProductsUsingSubscribeMethod() {    
    this.SampleMessage="Example of Angular Subscribe Method";    
    this._productService.getAllProducts().subscribe((data: any) => {    
      this.products =data;    
      console.log(data);    
    })    
  }    
    
  public getProductsUsingAsyncPipe() {    
    this.SampleMessage="Example of Angular Async Pipe";    
    this.products$ =this._productService.getAllProducts();    
  }      
} 

Here in the below code, we are using observables of any type and to get the asynchronous flow data, either we can use subscribe method to subscribe the observables or we can simply use 'async pipe' which automatically subscribes to an Observable and returns the latest value and it also unsubscribes automatically to avoid memory leaks.

public getProductsUsingAsyncPipe() {      
  this.SampleMessage="Example of Angular Async Pipe";      
  this.products$ =this._productService.getAllProducts();      
}

Step 5

Now, open the product.service.ts file and add the following code:

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';    
import { HttpClient } from '@angular/common/http';    
  
@Injectable()       
export class ProductsService {      
    private url = '';    
    private baseUrl = "http://localhost:49661/";//Replace it with your http address and port
    constructor(public http: HttpClient) {    
    }      
    getAllProducts() {    
        this.url = this.baseUrl+'api/Product/getAllProducts';    
        return this.http.get<any[]>(this.url);    
    }      
}

WEB API - Create an ASP.NET Application

Follow these steps to create an ASP.NET application.

Step 1

In Visual Studio 2019, click on File -> New -> Project.

How To Create Nested Grid Using Angular 8

Step 2

Choose the Create option and select ASP.NET web application.

How To Create Nested Grid Using Angular 8

Step 3

Select Web API and click Ok.

How To Create Nested Grid Using Angular 8

Step 4

Now right click on Controller and then add a New Item.

How To Create Nested Grid Using Angular 8

Step 5

Choose ADO.NET Entity Data Model and then click on Add.

How To Create Nested Grid Using Angular 8

Step 6

Next step is EF Designer, just click on Next.

How To Create Nested Grid Using Angular 8

Step 7

A new pop-up will show. Click on Next. If yours isn't established, then click on New Connection.

How To Create Nested Grid Using Angular 8

Step 8

Copy your database connection server name and paste it in the server name textbox. You will see all the database, select your database and click on OK.

How To Create Nested Grid Using Angular 8

Step 9

The next popup will show, paste your database server name, and choose for the database and test for the connection, then click on Next. Here, in the new screen, select your tables and store the procedure. Then click on Finish.

How To Create Nested Grid Using Angular 8

Our next step is to right-click on the controllers folder and add a new controller. Name it as "Product controller" and add the following namespace in the student controller.

Here is the complete code for getting all the product data and their nested product information data.

Complete Product Controller Code

using System.Linq;  
using System.Web.Http;  
using CompanyDetails.Models;  
namespace CompanyDetails.Controllers {  
    [RoutePrefix("api/Company")]  
    public class CompanyController: ApiController {  
        CompanyEntities2 DB = new CompanyEntities2();  
        [HttpGet]  
        [Route("getAllProducts")]  
        public object getAllProducts(string countrycode) {  
            var productDetails = DB.USP_GetAllProducts().ToList();  
            return productDetails;  
        }  
    }  
}  

Now, it's time to enable CORS. Go to Tools, open NuGet Package Manager, search for CORS, and install the "Microsoft.Asp.Net.WebApi.Cors" package.

If you are running your frontend application in a different port and your server is running on another port, then to avoid a Cross-Origin-Resource-Sharing issue, you have to add small code in webapiconfig.cs file.

Open Webapiconfig.cs and add the following lines:

EnableCorsAttribute cors = new EnableCorsAttribute("*", "*", "*");  
config.EnableCors(cors);  

Backend

Here, we will do backend related code using SQL server.

The very first step is to create a database.

Create Database

Let’s create a database on your local SQL Server. I hope you have installed SQL Server 2017 in your machine (you can use SQL Server 2008, 2012, or 2016, as well).

Step 1

Create a database product.

create database product  

Step 2

Create a product table using the following code:

USE [Product]  
GO  
/****** Object: Table [dbo].[Product] Script Date: 12/18/2019 10:23:19 PM ******/  
SET ANSI_NULLS ON  
GO  
SET QUOTED_IDENTIFIER ON  
GO  
CREATE TABLE [dbo].[Product](  
[ProductId] [int] IDENTITY(1,1) NOT NULL,  
[ArtNo] [nvarchar](50) NULL,  
[Provider] [nvarchar](50) NULL,  
[ProviderArtNo] [nvarchar](50) NULL,  
[Brand] [nvarchar](50) NULL,  
CONSTRAINT [PK_Product] PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED  
(  
[ProductId] ASC  
)WITH (PAD_INDEX = OFF, STATISTICS_NORECOMPUTE = OFF, _
 IGNORE_DUP_KEY = OFF, ALLOW_ROW_LOCKS = ON, ALLOW_PAGE_LOCKS = ON) ON [PRIMARY]  
) ON [PRIMARY]  
GO  

Make product ID the primary key.

Now it's time to add some stored procedures.

Step 3

All you have to do is paste the following code in a new query:

USE [Product]  
GO  
/****** Object: StoredProcedure [dbo].[USP_GetAllProducts] 
 Script Date: 12/18/2019 10:24:35 PM ******/  
SET ANSI_NULLS ON  
GO  
SET QUOTED_IDENTIFIER ON  
GO  
ALTER Proc [dbo].[USP_GetAllProducts]  
As  
Begin  
Select p.*,pci.Price,pci.BuyAccount,pci.SalesAccount from [Product] p  
End  

With this step, we have successfully completed our front end, web API, and back end coding.

Now it's time to run the project by using 'npm start' or 'ng serve' command and check the output.

Image 10

Conclusion

In this article, we have learned how to use async pipe in Angular 8 application.

Please give your valuable feedback/comments/questions about this article. Please let me know if you liked and understood this article and how I could improve it.

History

  • 24th March, 2020: Initial version

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

Siddharth Gajbhiye
Software Developer
India India
No Biography provided

Comments and Discussions

 
Bugasync-pipe-example.component.html is abrupt Pin
Member 1418495527-Mar-20 14:29
MemberMember 1418495527-Mar-20 14:29 
BugBug In stored procedures And async-pipe-example.component.html Pin
ankit kumar from RIT25-Mar-20 19:51
professionalankit kumar from RIT25-Mar-20 19:51 

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Posted 24 Mar 2020

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