WebDriver is a tool for automating testing web applications, and, in particular, to verify that they work as expected. It aims to provide a friendly API that’s easy to explore and understand, which will help make your tests easier to read and maintain. It’s not tied to any particular test framework so that it can be used equally well with MSTest, NUnit, TestNG, JUnit and so on. This “Getting Started” guide introduces you to WebDriver’s C# API and helps get you started becoming familiar with it.
Create Your First WebDriver Test Project
- Create New Test Project in Visual Studio.
- Install NuGet package manager and navigate to it.
- Search for Selenium and install the first item in the result list.
Code Examples In WebDriver
Create an instance of a driver.
IWebDriver driverOne = new FirefoxDriver();
IWebDriver driverTwo = new InternetExlorerDriver("C:\\PathToMyIeDriverBinaries\");
FirefoxDriver can be created without parameters. For all other drivers, you need to point the location where the particular driver is downloaded.
?dditional steps are required to use Chrome Driver, Opera Driver, Android Driver and iPhone Driver.
Navigate to specific URL.
Locating Elements with WebDriver
IWebElement element = driverOne.FindElement(By.Id("myUniqueId"));
By Class (Find more than one element on the page)
IList<IWebElement> elements = driverOne.FindElements(By.ClassName("green"));
By Tag Name
IWebElement frame = driverOne.FindElement(By.TagName("iframe"));
IWebElement cheese = driverOne.FindElement(By.Name("goran"));
By Link Text
IWebElement link = driverOne.FindElement(By.LinkText("best features"));
IList<IWebElement> inputs = driverOne.FindElements(By.XPath("//input"));
By CSS Selector
IWebElement css = driverOne.FindElement(By.CssSelector("#green span.dairy.baged"));
Use a Chain of Locators to find a particular element.
IWebElement hardToFind = this.driverOne.FindElement
HTML Element Actions in WebDriver
Type Text into a field using Selenium WebDriver
IWebElement element = driverOne.FindElement(By.Name("search"));
element.SendKeys("Automate The Planet!");
Select Drop Down Value. First, you need to add NuGet Package to your project-
SelectElement selectElement = new SelectElement(driver.FindElement(By.XPath("/html/body/select")));
So Far in the 'Pragmatic Automation with WebDriver' Series
CTO and Co-founder of Automate The Planet Ltd, inventor of BELLATRIX Test Automation Framework, author of "Design Patterns for High-Quality Automated Tests: High-Quality Test Attributes and Best Practices" in C# and Java. Nowadays, he leads a team of passionate engineers helping companies succeed with their test automation. Additionally, he consults companies and leads automated testing trainings, writes books, and gives conference talks. You can find him on LinkedIn every day.