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Posted 14 Aug 2007


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Freeze Panes like Excel

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4.50/5 (14 votes)
1 Mar 2008CPOL1 min read
Freeze panes in an HTML table, cross browser using JavaScript.


The script described in this article simply hides/unhides columns or rows using scrolling buttons, creating an Excel-like effect.


There are already a few scripts around that demonstrate how to freeze an HTML table top row and first column.

Most of these scripts are specific to Internet Explorer, while a couple I have tried are cross browser compatible using CSS, but require the columns to be set to a specific width... for example, all column widths must be set to 100px wide.

I found this not to be ideal because the columns hide any content that is wider than 100px and there is no way of adjusting the column widths to view the hidden data via an onscreen control....not ideal for dynamically created data from a database.

Another solution I found was quite good but required a very large and complex amount of JavaScript code.

Using the code

The script simply hides/unhides columns or rows using scrolling buttons:

<button title="Up" onmousedown="upp();" onmouseup="upp(1);">Up</button>
<button title="Left" onmousedown="left();" 
<button title="Right" onmousedown="right();" 
<button title="Down" onmousedown="down();" onmouseup="down(1);">Dn</button>

Naturally, images can easily be used for a more attractive display.

Place the JavaScript function in either the head or body of your page. The function setUp() initializes the table the first time one of the buttons is clicked. Make sure to modify:


to match the ID of your table if it is not "t1". The script could be better optimised, but for demonstration, the code is easy enough to follow.

  var myRow=1;
  var myCol=1;
  var myTable;
  var noRows;
  var myCells,ID;
function setUp(){
     myCells = myTable.rows[0].cells.length;

    for( var x = 0; x < myTable.rows[0].cells.length; x++ ) {


function right(up){

        for( var x = 0; x < noRows; x++ ) {
        if(myCol >1){myCol--;}

        ID = window.setTimeout('right()',100);
function left(up){

        for( var x = 0; x < noRows; x++ ) {
        ID = window.setTimeout('left()',100);
function down(up){

            myRow++    ;
            ID = window.setTimeout('down()',100);
function upp(up){

        if(myRow >1){myRow--;}
        ID = window.setTimeout('upp()',100);

See a working Freeze Pains Demo here.

Here is an updated version for better layout within a scrollable div, using custom horizontal and verticle scrollbars: demo.


This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)


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Comments and Discussions

GeneralMy vote of 5 Pin
Member 961177414-Feb-13 7:11
MemberMember 961177414-Feb-13 7:11 
QuestionTook your code and added some Jquery to it Pin
Member 961177414-Feb-13 7:11
MemberMember 961177414-Feb-13 7:11 
AnswerRe: Took your code and added some Jquery to it Pin
Member 1088420814-Jun-14 4:12
MemberMember 1088420814-Jun-14 4:12 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pin
JonAtkins5720-Oct-12 11:31
MemberJonAtkins5720-Oct-12 11:31 
QuestionJavascript Pin
ursatish20-Sep-12 20:17
Memberursatish20-Sep-12 20:17 
GeneralTable inside table problem Pin
chadok17-Jun-11 4:43
Memberchadok17-Jun-11 4:43 
Questionfreeze pane error Pin
Lim Tjie Siong, Indo10-Mar-11 1:12
MemberLim Tjie Siong, Indo10-Mar-11 1:12 
Generalcss help needed Pin
webber1234563-Jan-11 9:38
Memberwebber1234563-Jan-11 9:38 
GeneralRe: css help needed Pin
Will663-Jan-11 18:59
MemberWill663-Jan-11 18:59 
GeneralRe: css help needed Pin
webber1234569-Jan-11 11:45
Memberwebber1234569-Jan-11 11:45 
GeneralRe: css help needed Pin
Will669-Jan-11 14:32
MemberWill669-Jan-11 14:32 
GeneralRe: css help needed Pin
webber12345610-Jan-11 12:11
Memberwebber12345610-Jan-11 12:11 
GeneralMy vote of 3 Pin
Nawaz M11-Oct-10 12:18
MemberNawaz M11-Oct-10 12:18 
Generalhorizontal scroll working only once pls help Pin
snigdha123412-Aug-10 2:24
Membersnigdha123412-Aug-10 2:24 
GeneralRe: horizontal scroll working only once pls help Pin
Will6612-Aug-10 4:16
MemberWill6612-Aug-10 4:16 
GeneralRe: horizontal scroll working only once pls help Pin
snigdha123413-Aug-10 0:09
Membersnigdha123413-Aug-10 0:09 
GeneralProblem when cells are merged Pin
amit12121242-Aug-10 22:45
Memberamit12121242-Aug-10 22:45 
GeneralRe: Problem when cells are merged Pin
lubos190221-Sep-11 20:29
Memberlubos190221-Sep-11 20:29 
GeneralUpdated: now in custom scrollable div Pin
Will661-Mar-08 4:57
MemberWill661-Mar-08 4:57 
GeneralRe: Updated: now in custom scrollable div Pin
Marc Leger1-Mar-08 10:52
MemberMarc Leger1-Mar-08 10:52 
AnswerMultiple Table Solution Pin
Eric Carter28-Feb-08 12:23
MemberEric Carter28-Feb-08 12:23 
GeneralRe: Multiple Table Solution Pin
Will661-Mar-08 4:20
MemberWill661-Mar-08 4:20 
GeneralAnother option (using JQuery) Pin
rubensr22-Aug-07 17:33
Memberrubensr22-Aug-07 17:33 
GeneralPrint large html table Pin
Elyons0321-Aug-07 16:11
MemberElyons0321-Aug-07 16:11 
GeneralTry CSS Pin
meteorbites20-Aug-07 21:22
Membermeteorbites20-Aug-07 21:22 

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