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Posted 13 Nov 2007


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Custom Control using C# For Virtual Directory in IIS

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16 Dec 2007CPOL2 min read
This is a Windows based Custom control to Create, Delete Virtual Directory in IIS and we can set all properties like default page, ASP.NET version, Authentication Type through it.
Screenshot - form.jpg


This is a Windows based Custom control to Create, Delete Virtual Directory in IIS and we can set all properties like default page, ASP.NET version, Authentication Type through it. Sometimes it is very difficult to create a virtual directory in IIS to deploy a Web site using codes. This is a very simple control using which we can create as well as set all other properties of IIS. We can also run the webpage directly from the control.


For Creating Virtual Directory in IIS we need System.DirectoryServices.dll. We need System.ServiceProcess.dll for interacting with IIS services.

This is a Custom Control that inherits from Components.


Screenshot - VirtualDirClass.pngThis custom control is totally based on some methods and properties. If we check the Class Diagram of the Virtual Directory class, it has some methods like CreateVDir(), Delete(), StartIIS(), StopIIS(), and some properties like AccessRead, AccessWrite, etc.

Now we can simply create an object of the Control class and create the Virtual Directory.

By default, all properties are set to true and the default page should be default.aspx. We can change all these properties in runtime too.

Screenshot - Properties1.jpg

If we want to change the default document, that means if our first page is index.html, we can use it in this way. This will set the default page corresponding to that Virtual Directory:

Screenshot - defaultdoc.jpg

ASP.NET Version Change : One of the main parts of Web page deployment is to assign the current ASP.NET version and we can do it very simply using the following method:

Screenshot - aspnetversion1.jpg

Using the following methods, we can create, delete Virtual Directory in IIS and we can use it to open webpage in IIS using that:

Screenshot - AllMethods1.jpg

Using the Code

// This is the simple code from where we are using the Control
VirtualDirLib Vdir = new VirtualDirLib(); // Create Object 
Vdir.DefaultDoc = "index.html";           //Set Default page
Vdir.AuthNTLM = false;                    // Set Security
Vdir.CreateVDir(System.Environment.MachineName, "D:\\Myweb", "Sample");
Vdir.SetAspNetVersionIIS();               // Set ASP.NET version
Vdir.InvokeVDir();                        // Run Web page
//Some Property  Settings
/// <summary>
/// Virtual Directory Class
/// </summary>

public partial class VirtualDirLib : Component

#region PropertyVariable
private bool accessRead=true;
private bool accessWrite=true;
private bool accessExecute=true;
private bool dirBrowsing=true;
private string defaultDoc="Default.aspx";
private bool enableDefaultDoc=true;
private bool authBasic=false;
private bool authNTLM=false;
private bool authAnonumus=true;

/// <summary>
/// Provide Access Write To VirtulDirectory
/// </summary>
[Description("Set AccessWrite Permission")]
public bool AccessWrite
get { return accessWrite; }
set { accessWrite = value; }

/// <summary>
/// Execute Permission To Virtual Directory
/// </summary>
[Description("Set AccessExecute Permission")]
public bool AccessExecute

get { return accessExecute; }
set { accessExecute = value; }

/// <summary>
/// Allow Directory Browsing
/// </summary>
[Description("Set Directory Browsing Permission")]
public bool DirBrowsing
get { return dirBrowsing; }
set { dirBrowsing = value; }

/// <summary>
/// Set The Default pages like index.html
/// </summary>
[Description("Set Default Documents")]
public string DefaultDoc
get { return defaultDoc; }
set { defaultDoc = value; }

/// <summary>
/// Enable the default document settings
/// </summary>
[Description("Enabled Default Documents")]
public bool EnableDefaultDoc
get { return enableDefaultDoc; }
set { enableDefaultDoc = value; }

/// <summary>
/// Set Anonymous Authentication True or False
/// </summary>
[Description("Set Anonumus Authontication mode")]
public bool AuthAnonumus
get { return authAnonumus; }
Set { authAnonumus = value; }

/// <summary>
/// Set Basic Authontication True or False
/// </summary>
[Description("Set Basic Authontication")]

public bool AuthBasic
get { return authBasic; }
set { authBasic = value; }

/// <summary>
/// Set Integrated Windows Authentication True or False
/// </summary>
[Description("Set Integrated Authontication mode")]
public bool AuthNTLM
get { return authNTLM; }
set { authNTLM = value; }

/// <summary>
/// Give the Read Access Permission 
/// By Default : True
/// </summary>
[Description("Set AccessRead Permission")]
public bool AccessRead
get { return accessRead; }
set { accessRead = value; }

// Code For ASP.NET Version Set
/// <summary> 
/// It will Changes The Scriptmaps and Set IIS ASP.NET Version 
/// </summary> 
public void SetAspNetVersionIIS()
string _frameWorkDir;
string _Dir;
string _FrameWorkVersion = Environment.Version.ToString();
_Dir = System.Runtime.InteropServices.RuntimeEnvironment.GetRuntimeDirectory();
int dirpos = _Dir.Remove(_Dir.Length - 1, 1).LastIndexOf(@"\");
_frameWorkDir = _Dir.Remove(dirpos, _Dir.Length - dirpos);
_frameWorkDir = _frameWorkDir + @"\v" + _FrameWorkVersion + @"\";
Process pro = new Process();
pro.StartInfo.UseShellExecute = false;
pro.StartInfo.RedirectStandardOutput = true;
pro.StartInfo.RedirectStandardError = true;
pro.StartInfo.FileName = _Dir + "aspnet_regiis";
pro.StartInfo.Arguments = @"-s " + @"/W3SVC/1/Root/" + _strServerName;
catch (Exception frm)


Points of Interest

I used XML documentation at the time of creating this control, so that it is very understandable to the user and it's very simple to use.


This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

Written By
Technical Lead
India India
.NET Consultant | Former Microsoft MVP - ASP.NET | CodeProject MVP, Mentor, Insiders| Technology Evangelist | Author | Speaker | Geek | Blogger | Husband

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Twitter : @AbhijitJana
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Comments and Discussions

QuestionNeed Help Pin
krishnamzp9-Sep-09 21:19
krishnamzp9-Sep-09 21:19 
GeneralIIS 6 on Vista Ultimate 64 bit Pin
Frankenstien225-Dec-08 8:34
Frankenstien225-Dec-08 8:34 
GeneralRe: IIS 6 on Vista Ultimate 64 bit Pin
Abhijit Jana25-Dec-08 18:26
professionalAbhijit Jana25-Dec-08 18:26 
GeneralNo sample Pin
Aazzin6-Apr-08 14:56
Aazzin6-Apr-08 14:56 
GeneralRe: No sample Pin
Abhijit Jana6-Apr-08 18:35
professionalAbhijit Jana6-Apr-08 18:35 
GeneralRe: No sample Pin
Aazzin7-Apr-08 8:25
Aazzin7-Apr-08 8:25 
GeneralRe: No sample Pin
Aazzin7-Apr-08 8:56
Aazzin7-Apr-08 8:56 
Generalicon change for components !! Pin
Abhijit Jana13-Nov-07 4:58
professionalAbhijit Jana13-Nov-07 4:58 
GeneralRe: icon change for components !! Pin
N a v a n e e t h15-Nov-07 20:51
N a v a n e e t h15-Nov-07 20:51 
GeneralRe: icon change for components !! Pin
Abhijit Jana16-Nov-07 0:38
professionalAbhijit Jana16-Nov-07 0:38 

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