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Posted 6 May 2002

Screen and Form capture with Managed C++

, 3 Jul 2002
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This is further demonstration of MC++ IJW capabilities


I was continuing to play around with IJW. And when I realized that there was no direct Screen Capture method in .NET, I thought I might as well try to make a simple Screen Capturing program. Of course since I knew as much about GDI programming as some of these Canadians seem to know about Cricket, you might as well have guessed that I found things more than a little difficult. Luckily Tom Archer, James Johnson and Neil Van Note promptly answered my questions.

The sample program allows you to capture the entire screen or only the current form and also allows you to save the image, though here I have hard coded the filename and path, as I was too lazy to show a save dialog. If you repeatedly click on the capture buttons, you get a weird effect of cascading screen captures, one on top of the other as shown in the screenshot of the sample program.

Quick Rundown

Using GetDC or GetWindowDC depending on whether we are capturing the screen or the current window, we get our HDC using which we call CreateCompatibleDC to create our memory DC. Using a call to GetSystemMetrics we get the size of the screen and then call CreateCompatibleBitmap to create a bitmap. Then we select this bitmap into the memory DC using a call to SelectObject and save the old bitmap. Using BitBlt we copy the screen or window contents into this bitmap which is now selected into the memory DC. Then we select the original bitmap back into the DC, delete the memory DC, release the DC, and delete the bitmap. To be frank, there is not much .NET stuff involved in the code, but imagine if you had to write all this using C#. Think of all the P/Invoke stuff you'd have to do and the ugly declarations you'd have had to write for the API calls. With MC++ you are saved all that bother.

Full Source Listing

The source code is self-explanatory. Notice how I have written my WinMain. This is because I am including windows.h where WinMain is already prototyped in that fashion.

<pre lang=mc++>#include "stdafx.h" #using <mscorlib.dll> #using <System.dll> #using <System.Drawing.dll> #using <System.Windows.Forms.dll> #include <tchar.h> #include <windows.h> using namespace System; using namespace System::ComponentModel; using namespace System::Drawing; using namespace System::Windows::Forms; public __gc class NForm : public Form { public: Button *btn; Button *btn2; Button *btn3; PictureBox *pbox; void btn_Click(Object *sender, System::EventArgs* e); void CaptureScreen(bool FullScreen); NForm() { this->StartPosition = FormStartPosition::CenterScreen; this->Text = "Capture screen - Nish for CodeProject -IJW"; this->Size = Drawing::Size(750,550); this->FormBorderStyle = System::Windows::Forms::FormBorderStyle::FixedDialog; btn=new Button(); btn->Text="Capture Screen"; btn->Location=Point(5,5); btn->Size=Drawing::Size(100,30); btn->add_Click(new EventHandler(this,&NForm::btn_Click)); this->Controls->Add(btn); btn2=new Button(); btn2->Text="Capture Form"; btn2->Location=Point(125,5); btn2->Size=Drawing::Size(100,30); btn2->add_Click(new EventHandler(this,&NForm::btn_Click)); this->Controls->Add(btn2); btn3=new Button(); btn3->Text="Save C:\\Z.Jpg"; btn3->Location=Point(250,5); btn3->Size=Drawing::Size(100,30); btn3->add_Click(new EventHandler(this,&NForm::btn_Click)); this->Controls->Add(btn3); pbox = new PictureBox(); pbox->Location=Point(5,45); pbox->Size=Drawing::Size(730,470); pbox->BorderStyle = BorderStyle::Fixed3D; pbox->SizeMode = PictureBoxSizeMode::StretchImage; this->Controls->Add(pbox); } }; int __stdcall WinMain(HINSTANCE,HINSTANCE,LPSTR,int) { Application::Run(new NForm()); return 0; } void NForm::btn_Click(Object *sender, System::EventArgs *e) { if(sender->Equals(btn)) CaptureScreen(true); else { if(sender->Equals(btn2)) CaptureScreen(false); else pbox->Image->Save("C:\\Z.Jpg", Drawing::Imaging::ImageFormat::Jpeg); } } void NForm::CaptureScreen(bool FullScreen) { HDC hDC; if(FullScreen) hDC = GetDC(NULL); //Get full screen else { HWND hWnd=(HWND)this->Handle.ToInt32(); //Get HWND of form hDC = GetWindowDC(hWnd); //Now get it's DC handle } HDC hMemDC = CreateCompatibleDC(hDC); RECT r; GetWindowRect((HWND)this->Handle.ToInt32(),&r); //need this for Form SIZE size; if(FullScreen) { = GetSystemMetrics(SM_CXSCREEN); = GetSystemMetrics(SM_CYSCREEN); } else { = r.right-r.left; =; } //most of the remaining code is normal GDI stuff HBITMAP hBitmap = CreateCompatibleBitmap(hDC,,; if (hBitmap) { HBITMAP hOld = (HBITMAP) SelectObject(hMemDC, hBitmap); BitBlt(hMemDC, 0, 0,,, hDC, 0, 0, SRCCOPY); SelectObject(hMemDC, hOld); DeleteDC(hMemDC); ReleaseDC(NULL, hDC); pbox->Image = Image::FromHbitmap(hBitmap); DeleteObject(hBitmap); } }


  • May 7 02 - Posted the article
  • Jul 4 02 - Added sample VC++ project


This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)


About the Author

Nish Nishant
United States United States
Nish Nishant is the Principal Software Architect/Consultant for Ganymede Software Solutions LLC, and is based out of Columbus, Ohio. He has over 17 years of software industry experience in various roles including Lead Software Architect, Principal Software Engineer, and Product Manager. Nish was a Microsoft Visual C++ MVP between 2002 and 2015.

Nish is an industry acknowledged expert in the Microsoft technology stack. He authored C++/CLI in Action for Manning Publications in 2005, and had previously co-authored Extending MFC Applications with the .NET Framework for Addison Wesley in 2003. In addition, he has over 140 published technology articles on and another 250+ blog articles on his WordPress blog. Nish is vastly experienced in team management, mentoring teams, and directing all stages of software development.

Contact Nish : If you are interested in hiring Nish as a consultant, you can reach him via his google email id voidnish.

Company Website :

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Comments and Discussions

GeneralRe: Good work but.. Pin
Rama Krishna8-May-02 10:43
memberRama Krishna8-May-02 10:43 
GeneralRe: Good work but.. Pin
Nish [BusterBoy]8-May-02 10:47
memberNish [BusterBoy]8-May-02 10:47 
GeneralRe: Good work but.. Pin
James T. Johnson8-May-02 10:48
subeditorJames T. Johnson8-May-02 10:48 
GeneralRe: Good work but.. Pin
Nish [BusterBoy]8-May-02 10:53
memberNish [BusterBoy]8-May-02 10:53 
GeneralRe: Good work but.. Pin
James T. Johnson8-May-02 11:06
subeditorJames T. Johnson8-May-02 11:06 
GeneralRe: Good work but.. Pin
Nish [BusterBoy]8-May-02 11:11
memberNish [BusterBoy]8-May-02 11:11 
GeneralRe: Good work but.. Pin
James T. Johnson8-May-02 11:18
subeditorJames T. Johnson8-May-02 11:18 
GeneralRe: Good work but.. Pin
Nish [BusterBoy]8-May-02 11:22
memberNish [BusterBoy]8-May-02 11:22 
James T. Johnson wrote:

Cool! You really do that, eh?

James T. Johnson wrote:
Anakrino guy

Confused | :confused:


The posting stats are now in PDF:-
Feel free to make your comments.
Updated - May 04th, Saturday

GeneralRe: Good work but.. Pin
Rama Krishna8-May-02 11:30
memberRama Krishna8-May-02 11:30 
GeneralRe: Good work but.. Pin
Nish [BusterBoy]8-May-02 11:35
memberNish [BusterBoy]8-May-02 11:35 
General*poke* Pin
James T. Johnson8-May-02 0:26
memberJames T. Johnson8-May-02 0:26 
GeneralRe: *poke* Pin
Nish [BusterBoy]8-May-02 4:43
memberNish [BusterBoy]8-May-02 4:43 
QuestionWhat's wrong with "Print Scrn"? Pin
George7-May-02 23:14
memberGeorge7-May-02 23:14 
AnswerRe: What's wrong with "Print Scrn"? Pin
James T. Johnson8-May-02 0:30
memberJames T. Johnson8-May-02 0:30 
GeneralRe: What's wrong with "Print Scrn"? Pin
Nish [BusterBoy]8-May-02 4:48
memberNish [BusterBoy]8-May-02 4:48 
GeneralRe: What's wrong with "Print Scrn"? Pin
George9-May-02 2:27
memberGeorge9-May-02 2:27 
GeneralRe: What's wrong with "Print Scrn"? Pin
Nish [BusterBoy]9-May-02 2:55
memberNish [BusterBoy]9-May-02 2:55 

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