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A Professional Calendar/Agenda View That You Will Use

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27 Aug 2009LGPL35 min read 3.2M   117.3K   683   905
An Outlook style calendar view with appointments and all-day events, and multiple day view support.

Image 1

Image 2

Image 3

Introduction

As you can see in the screenshots, this is a fully capable calendar view for specifying appointments and all day events. It has several features so you can control what happens inside, like item blocking and item-oriented events.

It's 100% managed code! No resources; as with most of my projects, you can just include all the source files into your project to make it work.

Background

I found a couple of controls like this, but as always, they don't meet my needs, so here I come. It performs fairly well, but mostly will depend on your implementation - I'll explain that in the next section.

Using the Code

To add a calendar to your form, just drag the Calendar control. It's located under the System.Widows.Forms.Calendar namespace.

When to Use it

It can be used to display any information that is based on a date, not just appointments and meetings. Think about it, on what ugly control do you display your system log?

Controlling the View

The view of the Calendar is given by a date range provided by the ViewStart and ViewEnd properties. Depending on the number of days between these two dates, the calendar will draw them.

The Calendar can show days in two modes: Expanded and Short (see Calendar.DaysMode). Expanded is the style of the first screenshot: the days are shown in a column, and items are placed in the time they belong; while the Short mode (second screenshot) shows days on week rows, and items are shown in a more compact way.

An important property here is MaximumFullDays (by default, 8). This property indicates that when you specify a view of 8 days or less, the days will be shown in Expanded mode. Any more days will be displayed in Short mode.

Feeding Items to the Calendar

The calendar tells you when to add items to it with the LoadItems event. In that event, you should manage to bring information to display in the calendar, by adding items to the Items collection of the calendar. The event is raised every time the view changes. I strongly suggest that you use caching and not query the database every time this event is raised, because performance will be severely affected.

The demo project in the source loads items from a memory array, so it's not the best example.

C#
private void calendar1_LoadItems(object sender, CalendarLoadEventArgs e)
{
    //Load items whose date range intersects e.DateStart and e.DateEnd
    foreach(CalendarItem item in loadedItems)
    {
         calendar1.Items.Add(item);
    }
 
    //Or even better....
    calendar1.Items.AddRange(loadedItems);
}

I strongly suggest to add items that only intersect with the calendar's view range. You can learn how to check date intersection by taking a look at the implementation of DateIntersects, in Calendar:

C#
public static bool DateIntersects(DateTime startA, DateTime endA, 
                                  DateTime startB, DateTime endB)
{
     //Don't forget to check dates this way in your database queries!
     return startB < endA && startA < endB;
}

Events

Since you can explore other members using IntelliSense I list events here; they are important because they let you control your application of the Calendar.

  • DayHeaderClick: Occurs when a day header is clicked.
  • ItemClick: Occurs when an item is clicked.
  • ItemCreated: Occurs when an item is successfully created.
  • ItemCreating: Occurs when the user is about to create an item. It can be cancelled.
  • ItemDatesChanged: Occurs when the date range of an item changes.
  • ItemDeleted: Occurs when an item is successfully deleted.
  • ItemDeleting: Occurs when the user is about to delete an item. It can be cancelled.
  • ItemDoubleClick: Occurs when an item is double clicked.
  • ItemMouseHover: Occurs when the mouse is placed over an item.
  • ItemSelected: Occurs when an item is selected.
  • ItemTextEdited: Occurs when an item's text is edited by the user.
  • ItemTextEditing: Occurs when the user is trying to edit an item's text. It can be cancelled.
  • LoadItems: Occurs when the Calendar view is changed.

Some Nice Features

Items Overlapping

When items intersect in their date ranges, there's a nice algorithm that performs a layout to accommodate them. Give it a try.

Item Coloring

Although a Renderer takes charge of drawing items, you can specify the background colors and borders to items individually.

Even better, you can use the ApplyColor method (in CalendarItem) to an item, and the code will take charge of shading colors for the background, border, and text.

Image 4

In the demo application, use the calendar's contextual menu to apply coloring to items.

TimeScale

You can choose between options of time scaling, though, the default is 30 minutes like Outlook's calendar. Here is a sample of a 15 minutes timescale.

Image 5

In the demo application, use the calendar's contextual menu to choose different timescale options.

MonthViewControl

Don't you absolutely hate the way the MonthCalendar control behaves on your UI? Well, here is the solution. Now, the project contains a control called MonthView, which looks like the Outlook calendar's view, fully customizable, and it does not force the size of the control; the visualization of months will depend on the size of the container.

Some interesting properties of the control are:

  • FirstDayOfWeek - To change what day your weeks start with.
  • ItemPadding - To set the padding of the internal items, so you can make a compact or not so much view.
  • SelectionMode - Manual, Day, Week, WorkWeek, and Month.
  • WorkWeekStart - To specify what day the work-weeks start with.
  • WorkWeekEnd - To specify what day the work-weeks end with.

History

  • Aug 02 2009: First release.
  • Aug 05 2009
    • License changed to LGPL.
    • Added the FirstDayOfWeek property to change what day your weeks start with.
    • Added the Tag property to CalendarItem.
  • Aug 27 2009
    • Added minute exact indicators.
    • Added keyboard arrows support.
    • Added Image and ImageAlign properties to CalendarItem for adding images to items.
    • Added Pattern and PatternColor properties to CalendarItem for marking items with textures.
    • Added the MonthView control to have a nice calendar control.

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPLv3)


Written By
Product Manager
United States United States
- I've been programming Windows and Web apps since 1997.
- My greatest concern nowadays is product, user interface, and usability.
- TypeScript / React expert

@geeksplainer

Comments and Discussions

 
BugAllowNew Pin
pat_vrs28-May-12 3:41
pat_vrs28-May-12 3:41 
GeneralRe: AllowNew Pin
azeklazje8-Jan-13 11:44
azeklazje8-Jan-13 11:44 
QuestionExcellent Article Pin
Yosr Jemili21-May-12 23:43
Yosr Jemili21-May-12 23:43 
GeneralRe: Excellent Article Pin
john 696-Sep-12 11:21
john 696-Sep-12 11:21 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pin
FernandoUY18-May-12 6:14
professionalFernandoUY18-May-12 6:14 
QuestionFitting More Intervals on the screen at once Pin
tjcinnamon15-May-12 11:41
tjcinnamon15-May-12 11:41 
QuestionOnItemMouseLeave and toolTip (Howto) Pin
Akii 226-Apr-12 4:03
Akii 226-Apr-12 4:03 
AnswerRe: OnItemMouseLeave and toolTip (Howto) Pin
peppe antonini4-May-12 1:35
peppe antonini4-May-12 1:35 
I don't understand, does not work for me! Frown | :(
You can send me your sources?
GeneralRe: OnItemMouseLeave and toolTip (Howto) Pin
Marcelo Marchese26-Mar-15 15:46
Marcelo Marchese26-Mar-15 15:46 
BugCalendarItem.cs - IsOnDayTop Pin
Kim Togo23-Apr-12 23:00
professionalKim Togo23-Apr-12 23:00 
Questionpregunta Pin
empire298822-Apr-12 18:48
empire298822-Apr-12 18:48 
AnswerRe: pregunta Pin
aladdid22-Aug-14 5:43
aladdid22-Aug-14 5:43 
QuestionSet Selected Date in MonthView Control Pin
yonan223620-Apr-12 2:00
yonan223620-Apr-12 2:00 
AnswerRe: Set Selected Date in MonthView Control Pin
Santa's Little Helper20-Apr-12 3:06
Santa's Little Helper20-Apr-12 3:06 
GeneralRe: Set Selected Date in MonthView Control Pin
yonan223629-Apr-12 21:58
yonan223629-Apr-12 21:58 
GeneralRe: Set Selected Date in MonthView Control Pin
yonan22362-May-12 3:46
yonan22362-May-12 3:46 
GeneralRe: Set Selected Date in MonthView Control Pin
Santa's Little Helper2-May-12 4:09
Santa's Little Helper2-May-12 4:09 
QuestionHow to get Selected Date Pin
zadeabhi11-Apr-12 23:53
zadeabhi11-Apr-12 23:53 
BugDayMode is readOnly Property Pin
zadeabhi11-Apr-12 21:24
zadeabhi11-Apr-12 21:24 
QuestionThank you so much, it is really helpful Pin
hkabesa30-Mar-12 2:37
hkabesa30-Mar-12 2:37 
AnswerRe: Thank you so much, it is really helpful Pin
tasdemir28-Jun-12 0:23
tasdemir28-Jun-12 0:23 
SuggestionGuide to get/set from database as the original method XML [VB.NET formatted] Pin
Arnaud Dovi29-Mar-12 5:28
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QuestionHide no working hours Pin
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AnswerRe: Hide no working hours Pin
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GeneralRe: Hide no working hours Pin
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