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Connecting to a HTTPS server with SSL using Wininet, sending client certificate and reading response

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4.71 (34 votes)
2 Apr 2003
A sample class which illustrates how to connect to a HTTPS server, the class sends the desired client certificate and authenticates the user.

Introduction

I’ve recently needed to make a Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) connection to Visa server and send our signed client certificate in order to make our MPI application authorized. I searched many articles but could find just a few ones about the subject. I collected parts of the solution from different articles and MSDN, and implemented a simple class that performs this operation programmatically.

There’s InternetErrorDlg API for some purposes including sending client certificate modeling a selection dialog to the user. But in many cases, the programmer may require authentication without user interface (i.e. user interface requires an OK clicker J.. This might be useless for us if we want our program to do things automatically). This is done here by InternetSetOption() with INTERNET_OPTION_CLIENT_CERT_CONTEXT flag. Don’t forget that this option only works with Internet Explorer 5.01 or later (as MSDN writes).

INTERNET_OPTION_CLIENT_CERT_CONTEXT flag is not included in VC6.0 default headers. If you’ve platform SDK installed, that’s no problem, include the wininet header in sdk/include directory, else you may define it manually;

#define INTERNET_OPTION_CLIENT_CERT_CONTEXT 84

That should be ok if you don’t have old wininet.dll versions.

For readers who are not familiar with wininet, SSL or certificates:

I am not gonna tell what wininet functions do & how they are used nor about the certificates. These are generic subjects and much information can be gathered from so many resources such as MSDN. I will try to answer the questions if you send an email to me.

Well, the flow is simple. First we connect to the HTTPS server and send a HTTPS request. If the server asks for a signed client certificate, we open and dig through the system store(s) for the certificate context we need. Then resend our request but after attaching the certificate context. If the server is satisfied, we are authenticated.

  • ConnectToHttpsServer() summarizes the flow of the connection. This is the initial place.
  • SendHttpsRequest() sends a request. After that, if the server requires client certificate, we search it in the system store. If we find it, InternetSetOption() attaches the context to the connection. Then we try the SendHttpsRequest() again.

A sample usage of the class can be like this:

CSslConnection inetSec;
string sAgentName("My Firm"); 
string sServerName("207.219.70.31");//Can be any https server address 
string sUserName("");//if required 
string sPass("");//if required 
string sObjectName("/xxx.asp");//there should be an object to send a verb 
string sOrganizationUnitName("3-D Secure Compliance TestFacility"); 
string strVerb = "POST";//I chose POST verb. That’s usually done 

inetSec.SetAgentName(sAgentName); 

inetSec.SetCertStoreType(certStoreMY); 
         //The stores provided by the system 
         // are: MY, ROOT, SPC and CA 

inetSec.SetObjectName(sObjectName);      

inetSec.SetOrganizationName(sOrganizationUnitName); 

inetSec.SetPort(9660);//443 is the default HTTPS port 
inetSec.SetServerName(sServerName); 

inetSec.SetRequestID(0); 

if (!inetSec.ConnectToHttpsServer(strVerb)) { 

    cout << inetSec.GetLastErrorString()  << " Code: " 
       << inetSec.GetLastErrorCode(); << endl; 
    return 0; 
} 

if (!inetSec.SendHttpsRequest()) 
{ 
    cout << inetSec.GetLastErrorString() << " Code: " 
        << inetSec.GetLastErrorCode(); << endl
    return 0; 
} 

string response = inetSec.GetRequestResult(); 
cout << response.c_str() << endl;

The “organization name” notated functions and variables are completely sample. I chose using “O value of the issuer field” in the certificate, that’s my search criteria. You may wish to perform store search by different fields. Because, there are many fields in a certificate and a context search can be performed by any of these.

You may possibly add your own functions instead of using FindCertWithOUNITName() function. If you do that, just change the code calling this function (only in 1 place) and provide some variables and accessors which are suitable for your certificate search criteria.

License

This article has no explicit license attached to it but may contain usage terms in the article text or the download files themselves. If in doubt please contact the author via the discussion board below.

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About the Author

Ayhan AVCI
Web Developer
Turkey Turkey
No Biography provided

Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralRe: 12157 ERROR_INTERNET_SECURITY_CHANNEL_ERROR Pin
gurps15-Jan-04 3:54
membergurps15-Jan-04 3:54 
GeneralRe: 12157 ERROR_INTERNET_SECURITY_CHANNEL_ERROR Pin
Member 65704422-Jul-04 15:23
memberMember 65704422-Jul-04 15:23 
GeneralRe: 12157 ERROR_INTERNET_SECURITY_CHANNEL_ERROR Pin
jorgeAtWork2-Feb-06 18:42
memberjorgeAtWork2-Feb-06 18:42 
QuestionUnable to use!? Pin
masterall19-Dec-03 16:04
membermasterall19-Dec-03 16:04 
AnswerRe: Unable to use!? Pin
gurps15-Jan-04 3:24
membergurps15-Jan-04 3:24 
GeneralThanks Pin
dhfair5-Dec-03 0:37
memberdhfair5-Dec-03 0:37 
GeneralDownload Pin
bernabeil30-Sep-03 5:48
memberbernabeil30-Sep-03 5:48 
GeneralCompiler Errors Pin
Al NIckles6-Jun-03 1:42
memberAl NIckles6-Jun-03 1:42 
GeneralRe: Compiler Errors Pin
KenDang24-Jul-03 12:08
memberKenDang24-Jul-03 12:08 
GeneralRe: Compiler Errors [Recreate ~~.dsp file] Pin
gadje18-Dec-03 16:04
membergadje18-Dec-03 16:04 
Generalproblem on windows advanced server Pin
darseh18-May-03 22:33
memberdarseh18-May-03 22:33 
GeneralRe: problem on windows advanced server Pin
prgstation28-Jul-03 22:19
memberprgstation28-Jul-03 22:19 
GeneralRe: problem on windows advanced server Pin
Ayhan AVCI12-May-04 23:48
memberAyhan AVCI12-May-04 23:48 
GeneralHola Pin
Chester8-May-03 9:19
memberChester8-May-03 9:19 
GeneralRe: Hola Pin
Chester21-May-03 9:50
memberChester21-May-03 9:50 
GeneralRe: Hola Pin
Ibiel25-Sep-03 12:52
memberIbiel25-Sep-03 12:52 
GeneralMissing file for PCCERT_CONTEXT Pin
jwise4-Apr-03 8:17
memberjwise4-Apr-03 8:17 
GeneralRe: Missing file for PCCERT_CONTEXT Pin
jwise4-Apr-03 8:25
memberjwise4-Apr-03 8:25 
GeneralRe: Missing file for PCCERT_CONTEXT Pin
Ayhan AVCI4-Apr-03 13:18
memberAyhan AVCI4-Apr-03 13:18 
GeneralRe: Missing file for PCCERT_CONTEXT Pin
Paras15-Apr-03 19:09
memberParas15-Apr-03 19:09 
GeneralRe: Missing file for PCCERT_CONTEXT Pin
_ms_16-Apr-03 1:22
member_ms_16-Apr-03 1:22 
GeneralRe: Missing file for PCCERT_CONTEXT Pin
KenDang24-Jul-03 12:06
memberKenDang24-Jul-03 12:06 
GeneralRe: Missing file for PCCERT_CONTEXT Pin
andypesa29-Sep-03 4:23
memberandypesa29-Sep-03 4:23 
GeneralRe: Missing file for PCCERT_CONTEXT Pin
georgezhangca14-Nov-04 15:00
membergeorgezhangca14-Nov-04 15:00 
GeneralI do wish.... Pin
Marc Clifton4-Apr-03 0:28
protectorMarc Clifton4-Apr-03 0:28 

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Article
Posted 2 Apr 2003

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