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Structured storage is a useful tool in the software development.
It allows us to open a single binary file and section it into
several storages (which may be nested). Each storage may have one
or more streams, which are used to write and retrieve the program
All this functionality is built around COM objects that MS provides
with the Windows OS. We access it via IStorage and IStream interfaces
and a few API function calls. This, however, is a tedious job and I
decided to write a thin wrapper around these interfaces and API calls.
A Brief Example
The following code snapshot shows the class in action ...
ss.CreateStream(&spIStr, L"A stream");
CComBSTR bs(L"Some text to be written into the stream!");
At this point I must say that the structure of the class was
inspired by the article and code of Andrew Peace
. His solution
suited me perfectly, but unfortunately, I find it useless
(for my specific case, of course) due to following reasons:
Andrew's solution uses
and is therefore bound
with MFC library. We need the structured storage functionality
in a COM control and therefore the linkage to MFC is not desired.
- A better look at his code shows that he uses several redundant
variables, which complicate the code, unnecessarily.
- Sometimes (though rarely) we need to know why an interface
call or a function call failed.
Although my solution eliminates the shortcomings above, it adds
- I am using a STL vector container. Some people try to avoid
using STL containers in their COM objects.
- If the solution is used inside a standard MFC project, a support
for CComBSTR class is required (defined in
"ATLBase.h"). Again, some
people dislike this header in MFC code.
- Advance features of structured storage management are still not
The class is build around a vector of IStorage objects.
(IStorage object == storage, vector of storages == container)
The first element of vector represents the root storage and
subsequent elements represent sub storages. We can say that
the vector of storages represents a path from the root storage
to the last storage (the current one). Example:
 = root storage (level 0, not neceserally the root of the file).
-  = storage inside the root (level 1).
-  = storage inside the level 1 storage (level2)
- [n] = current storage at level n (the last element of container).
If the root storage is also the root of the structured file, say
"C:\test\StructFile.bin", level 1 is "Level 1", level 2 is "Level 2", ...
then the path to the current storage is:
Vertical char | is used to emphasize the borderline between the
storages. Note, that the part of the path "Level1|Level2|...|LevelN"
is hidden inside the "StructFile.bin" file.
The front and the back of the vector are the most important
storages. The former presents the root storage, while the
later presents the current storage.
Please refer to MSDN library and search for IStorage, IStream,
StgCreateDocfile, StgOpenStorage, ...
for more details.
Those who look into the
file, will notice
a lot of commented text and funny commands. They are required by the
Doxygen documentation system
It is a free documentation utility that is able to
generate HTML, HTML help, LaTeX, RTF, ... documents.
I hope you will find the class useful!