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Posted 22 Jan 2015

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ASP.NET Web Painting TOOL using HTML 5

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22 Jan 2015CPOL4 min read
ASP.NET Drawing and Painting using HTML5 CANVAS

Image 1

Introduction

For a long time, I have been planning to develop a web-based painting tool. I have developed a painting tool as a Windows application. But using ASP.NET, I find it more difficult to develop a web-based painting tool. Finally, using the HTML 5 CANVAS, I have developed a simple web-based Painting tool. HTML 5 has made my work much easier. It's really fun to work with HTML 5. There are many tutorials available for HTML5 in the internet for those readers interested in learning HTML5, use Google.

Now, let’s see a basic introduction to the HTML5 Canvas. So what is the HTML5 Canvas? The HTML5 Canvas is an element to draw Graphics on a web page. In a simple way, we can say a Canvas is a rectangular container in a web page where we can draw graphics.

To create a web-based painting tool, we have used the HTML5 CANVAS Element with JavaScript. We can see the details in the code.

Now let’s see few basics which need to know about HTML5 and CANVAS Tag.

HTML5

HTML5 is a new version of HTML. HTML5 has cross-platform support, which means that HTML5 can work in a PC, Tablet and a Smartphone. HTML5 should be started with a DOCTYPE, for example.

HTML
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body></body>
</html>

The new features in HTML5 are CANVAS, AUDIO, VIDEO, etc.

CANVAS

The CANVAS is the element which is used for 2D Drawings using JavaScript. The CANVAS has methods like drawing paths, rectangle, arc, text, etc.

The canvas element looks like below:

HTML
<canvas id="canvas" width="400" height="400"></canvas>

For more details about HTML5 and CANVAS Tag, use Google. There are lots of interesting things to learn in HTML5.

Using the Code

The main aim is to make the program very simple and easy to use; all the functions have been well commented in the project. I have attached My Sample program in this article for more details. Here, we will see steps to create a Painting Tool using HTML5 CANVAS.

CANVAS is nothing but a container where we can create graphics. To create 2D Graphics, we need to use JavaScript here in code, we will see in detail.

Step 1

Create Canvas ELEMENT and declare the global variables and initialize the Canvas in JavaScript. In code, I have used comments for easy understanding of declarations.

HTML Canvas Part

HTML
<SECTION style="border-style: solid; border-width: 2px; width: 1024px;">
<CANVAS HEIGHT="740" WIDTH="1024px" ID="canvas">

Your browser is not supporting HTML5 Canvas.
Upgrade Browser to view this program or check with Chrome or in Firefox.
</CANVAS>
</SECTION>

JavaScript Declaration Part

Java
<SCRIPT>
//public Canvas object to use in all the functions.
//Main canvas declaration 
    var canvas;
    var ctx;
    var x = 75;
    var y = 50;
    //Width and Height of the canvas
    var WIDTH = 1024;
    var HEIGHT = 740;
    //    var dragok = false;
//Global color variable which will be used to store the selected color name.
    var Colors="";
    var newPaint = false;
    var DrawingTypes = "";
    //Circle default radius size
    var radius = 30;
    var radius_New = 30;
    // Rectangle array
    rect = {},
    //drag= false default to test for the dragging
drag = false;
// Array to store all the old Shapes drawing details
    var rectStartXArray = new Array();
    var rectStartYArray = new Array();
    var rectWArray = new Array();
    var rectHArray = new Array();
    var rectColor = new Array();
    var DrawType_ARR = new Array();
    var radius_ARR = new Array();
    var Text_ARR = new Array();
    // Declared for the Free hand pencil Drawing.
    var prevX = 0,
    currX = 0,
    prevY = 0,
    currY = 0;
    //to add the Image
    var imageObj = new Image();
//Initialize the Canvas and Mouse events for Canvas
    function init(DrawType) {
        newPaint = true;
        canvas = document.getElementById("canvas");
        x =5;
        y = 5;
        DrawingTypes = DrawType;
        ctx = canvas.getContext("2d");
        radius = 30;
        radius_New = radius;
        canvas.addEventListener('mousedown', mouseDown, false);
        canvas.addEventListener('mouseup', mouseUp, false);
        canvas.addEventListener('mousemove', mouseMove, false);
        imageObj.src = 'images/Afraz.jpg';

        return setInterval(draw, 10);
    }

In JavaScript, I have declared all the global variables which need to be used and initialized the Canvas. I have created Mouse event for Canvas. The Mouse event was created to draw exactly where the mouse is clicked inside the Canvas container.

Step 2

Draw and Fill Rectangle on Canvas container using JavaScript. I have used color picker. By default, the selected color will be used for drawing. The user can select a different color.

HTML Drawing Part

Image 2

HTML
<img src="images/rect.png"  onClick="init('FillRect')" />
<img src="images/Circle.png"  onClick="init('FillCircle')" />
<img src="images/Font.png"  onClick="init('DrawText')" />
<img src="images/Pencil.png"  onClick="init('FreeDraw')" />
<img src="images/Image.png"  onClick="init('Images')" />

I have placed images to draw rectangle, Circle, Text, etc. If user needs to draw Circle, click on Circle Image and then draw on Canvas Container. In Image click, I call JavaScript Init method and pass the drawing Type as Circle, rectangle, etc. In Init method, we have created Canvas Mouse events like MouseDown, MouseMove and MouseUp. Here are the JavaScript methods for mouse events.

JavaScript Mouse Events Part

Java
//Mouse down event method
   function mouseDown(e) {
       rect.startX = e.pageX - this.offsetLeft;
       rect.startY = e.pageY - this.offsetTop;
       radius_New = radius;
       prevX = e.clientX - canvas.offsetLeft;
       prevY = e.clientY - canvas.offsetTop;
       currX = e.clientX - canvas.offsetLeft;
       currY = e.clientY - canvas.offsetTop;
       drag = true;
   }
   //Mouse UP event Method
   function mouseUp() {
       rectStartXArray[rectStartXArray.length] = rect.startX;
       rectStartYArray[rectStartYArray.length] = rect.startY;
       rectWArray[rectWArray.length] = rect.w;
       rectHArray[rectHArray.length] = rect.h;
       Colors = document.getElementById("SelectColor").value;
       rectColor[rectColor.length] = "#" + Colors;
       DrawType_ARR[DrawType_ARR.length] = DrawingTypes
       radius_ARR[radius_ARR.length] = radius_New;
       Text_ARR[Text_ARR.length] = $('#txtInput').val();
       drag = false;
   }

   //mouse Move Event method
   function mouseMove(e) {
       if (drag) {
           rect.w = (e.pageX - this.offsetLeft) - rect.startX;

            rect.h = (e.pageY - this.offsetTop) - rect.startY;
            drawx = e.pageX - this.offsetLeft;
            drawy = e.pageY - this.offsetTop;
            prevX = currX;
            prevY = currY;
            currX = e.clientX - canvas.offsetLeft;
            currY = e.clientY - canvas.offsetTop;
           if (drag = true) {
               radius_New += 2;
           }
           draw();
           if (DrawingTypes == "FreeDraw" || DrawingTypes == "Erase") {
           }
           else {
               ctx.clearRect(0, 0, canvas.width, canvas.height);
           }
       }
       drawOldShapes();
   }

Here in MouseDown method call, I store all the points like mouse X, Mouse y, etc. in a global variable. In MouseUp method, I store all the past drawing path in Arrays for all the drawings. In MouseMove, I store all the present path points in variable and call draw Shapes to draw appropriate drawings which are selected.

JavaScript Draw Part

Java
  //Draw all Shapes, Text and add images 
    function draw() {
        ctx.beginPath();
        Colors = document.getElementById("SelectColor").value;
        ctx.fillStyle = "#" + Colors;
        switch (DrawingTypes) {
            case "FillRect":
                ctx.rect(rect.startX, rect.startY, rect.w, rect.h);
                break;
            case "FillCircle":
                ctx.arc(rect.startX, rect.startY, radius_New, rect.w, rect.h);
                break;
            case "Images":
                ctx.drawImage(imageObj, rect.startX, rect.startY, rect.w, rect.h);
                break;
            case "DrawText":
                ctx.font = '40pt Calibri';
                
                ctx.fillText($('#txtInput').val(), rect.startX, rect.startY);
                break;
            case "FreeDraw":
                ctx.beginPath();
                ctx.moveTo(prevX, prevY);
                ctx.lineTo(currX, currY);
                ctx.strokeStyle = "#" + Colors;
                ctx.lineWidth = $('#selSize').val();
                ctx.stroke();
                ctx.closePath();
//                ctx.beginPath();
//                ctx.moveTo(drawx, drawy);
//                ctx.rect(drawx, drawy,  6, 6);
//                ctx.fill();
                break;
            case "Erase":
              
                ctx.beginPath();
                ctx.moveTo(prevX, prevY);
                ctx.lineTo(currX, currY);<
                ctx.strokeStyle = "#FFFFFF";
                ctx.lineWidth = 6;
                ctx.stroke();
                ctx.closePath();
                //                ctx.beginPath();
                //                ctx.moveTo(drawx, drawy);
                //                ctx.rect(drawx, drawy,  6, 6);
                //                ctx.fill();
                break;
        }
        
        ctx.fill();
       // ctx.stroke();
    }

In Draw method, I have passed the DrawingType to switch case. If selected type is rectangle, I will draw the rectangle on Canvas, if selected type is text, draw Text on canvas, etc.

Step 3

Save Canvas final work as Image file. In save image click, I call the JavaScript function to save the Canvas Images using jQuery and in C# code behind, I used Webmethod to store the canvas image to the root folder.

Java
//Save as Image file
  function ShanuSaveImage() {
        var m = confirm("Are you sure to Save ");
        if (m) {
            // generate the image data
            var image_NEW = document.getElementById("canvas").toDataURL("image/png");
            image_NEW = image_NEW.replace('data:image/png;base64,', '');
            $.ajax({
                type: 'POST',
                url: 'Default.aspx/SaveImage',
                data: '{ "imageData" : "' + image_NEW + '" }',
                contentType: 'application/json; charset=utf-8',
                dataType: 'json',
                success: function (msg) {
                    alert('Image saved to your root Folder !');
                }
            });
        }
  }

Here is the Web Method to store the Canvas image to the root folder.

C#
[WebMethod()]
   public static void SaveImage(string imageData)
   {
       Random rnd = new Random();
       String Filename = HttpContext.Current.Server.MapPath
       ("Shanuimg" + rnd.Next(12, 2000).ToString() + ".png");
       string Pic_Path =
              Filename; //HttpContext.Current.Server.MapPath("ShanuHTML5DRAWimg.png");
       using (FileStream fs = new FileStream(Pic_Path, FileMode.Create))
       {
           using (BinaryWriter bw = new BinaryWriter(fs))
           {
               byte[] data = Convert.FromBase64String(imageData);
               bw.Write(data);
               bw.Close();
           }
       }
   }

Points of Interest

Working with HTML5 is really fun. I hope you enjoyed reading my article. I will be happy if someone benefits from my article. My long-time plan is now complete; I have finally made a simple web-based painting tool.
If you like my article, please leave me a comment.

History

  • 9th July, 2014: Initial release

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

syed shanu
Team Leader
India India
Microsoft MVP | Code Project MVP | CSharp Corner MVP | Author | Blogger and always happy to Share what he knows to others. MyBlog

My Interview on Microsoft TechNet Wiki Ninja Link

Comments and Discussions

 
QuestionHow to Save to Database Pin
Paolo Santiago9-Jul-17 20:03
MemberPaolo Santiago9-Jul-17 20:03 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pin
Tridip Bhattacharjee5-Feb-17 22:35
professionalTridip Bhattacharjee5-Feb-17 22:35 
PraiseGreat work :) Pin
Ehsan Sajjad26-Oct-16 10:59
professionalEhsan Sajjad26-Oct-16 10:59 
Questionerase tool missing. Pin
Member 115532685-May-15 21:10
MemberMember 115532685-May-15 21:10 
QuestionHow do you run this? Pin
juan gonzalas3-Mar-15 15:09
Memberjuan gonzalas3-Mar-15 15:09 
AnswerRe: How do you run this? Pin
syed shanu3-Mar-15 15:13
mvasyed shanu3-Mar-15 15:13 
Questionwonderful article! Pin
jackbhanded10-Feb-15 21:29
Memberjackbhanded10-Feb-15 21:29 
QuestionError on first page Pin
Dewey22-Jan-15 19:16
MemberDewey22-Jan-15 19:16 
AnswerRe: Error on first page Pin
syed shanu22-Jan-15 19:27
mvasyed shanu22-Jan-15 19:27 
GeneralRe: Error on first page Pin
Dewey22-Jan-15 22:20
MemberDewey22-Jan-15 22:20 
GeneralRe: Error on first page Pin
syed shanu22-Jan-15 23:11
mvasyed shanu22-Jan-15 23:11 
GeneralRe: Error on first page Pin
Dewey24-Jan-15 0:14
MemberDewey24-Jan-15 0:14 
GeneralRe: Error on first page Pin
peter horwood24-Jan-15 12:08
professionalpeter horwood24-Jan-15 12:08 
QuestionPencil option on page load Pin
archana50622-Dec-14 19:30
Memberarchana50622-Dec-14 19:30 
AnswerRe: Pencil option on page load Pin
syed shanu22-Dec-14 19:33
mvasyed shanu22-Dec-14 19:33 
GeneralRe: Pencil option on page load Pin
archana50622-Dec-14 19:56
Memberarchana50622-Dec-14 19:56 
QuestionNIce Pin
Yuvraj Khose15-Oct-14 23:18
MemberYuvraj Khose15-Oct-14 23:18 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pin
Ștefan-Mihai MOGA13-Aug-14 2:45
professionalȘtefan-Mihai MOGA13-Aug-14 2:45 
GeneralRe: My vote of 5 Pin
syed shanu17-Aug-14 16:10
mvasyed shanu17-Aug-14 16:10 
SuggestionWeb Painting Tool Pin
Member 999275511-Jul-14 3:37
MemberMember 999275511-Jul-14 3:37 
GeneralRe: Web Painting Tool Pin
syed shanu11-Jul-14 22:16
mvasyed shanu11-Jul-14 22:16 
QuestionNice Post Pin
Manoj Kr. Verma10-Jul-14 20:40
professionalManoj Kr. Verma10-Jul-14 20:40 
AnswerRe: Nice Post Pin
syed shanu10-Jul-14 20:42
mvasyed shanu10-Jul-14 20:42 
QuestionNice work Pin
Smile568-Jul-14 23:29
MemberSmile568-Jul-14 23:29 
AnswerRe: Nice work Pin
syed shanu8-Jul-14 23:32
mvasyed shanu8-Jul-14 23:32 

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