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No More Magic Strings! Presenting: @string.of

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4.63 (31 votes)
23 Nov 2010Ms-PL
Implementing a "stringof" operator using expression trees
A Technical Blog article. View entire blog here.

The Problem

How many times have you seen the following code snippets?

  1. Checking method parameters

    if (executeMethod == null)
    {
        throw new ArgumentNullException("executeMethod");
    }
  2. Implementing a property in a WPF / SL view-model

    public double Size
    {
        get { return _size; }
        set
        {
            _size = value;
            RaisePropertyChanged("Size");
        }
    }

The first time I had to wrote code like this I felt uneasy. Hardcoded strings are bad practice and should be rarely used.

Even worse, using a hardcoded string of an identifier is just a bug waiting to happen.

Consider what happens when you need to refactor your code and change the name of the Size property (second example) to something different like MaxSize. The refactoring tools will not change the hardcoded string "Size" and now your WPF application stops notifying on property change the way it should!

These bugs are very difficult to spot. No compile time error, no runtime error. Nothing. The only way to spot this bug is by testing this specific functionality.

I’ve checked a small WPF application and found 158 (!) instances of these almost-bugs.

The Solution

Are you familiar with the typeof operator? Don’t you just loved it if there was a stringof operator? Well, there isn’t! So I’ve implemented the closest thing: @string.of().

To use it simply write:

string s = @string.of(() => Size);

Since the implementation uses expression trees the syntax might look strange, but as I’ve said, that’s the closest you can get without being a member of the C# development team.

Here you can find a full example that uses the @string.of operator on various inputs: local variable, parameter, property, field and function.
(CodeProject users can easily download the demo project from the attached link)

That’s it for now,
Arik Poznanski.

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Microsoft Public License (Ms-PL)

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About the Author

Arik Poznanski
Software Developer (Senior) Verint
Israel Israel
Arik Poznanski is a senior software developer at Verint. He completed two B.Sc. degrees in Mathematics & Computer Science, summa cum laude, from the Technion in Israel.

Arik has extensive knowledge and experience in many Microsoft technologies, including .NET with C#, WPF, Silverlight, WinForms, Interop, COM/ATL programming, C++ Win32 programming and reverse engineering (assembly, IL).

Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralRe: My vote of 1 Pin
Dmitri Nеstеruk22-Nov-10 1:24
memberDmitri Nеstеruk22-Nov-10 1:24 
GeneralRe: My vote of 1 Pin
jim lahey22-Nov-10 8:30
memberjim lahey22-Nov-10 8:30 
GeneralRe: My vote of 1 Pin
Arik Poznanski22-Nov-10 7:03
memberArik Poznanski22-Nov-10 7:03 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pin
jim lahey17-Nov-10 22:00
memberjim lahey17-Nov-10 22:00 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pin
muhahahahahahaa17-Nov-10 21:38
membermuhahahahahahaa17-Nov-10 21:38 
GeneralMy vote of 4 Pin
SledgeHammer0117-Nov-10 13:14
memberSledgeHammer0117-Nov-10 13:14 
GeneralRe: My vote of 4 Pin
jgauffin20-Nov-10 9:39
memberjgauffin20-Nov-10 9:39 
GeneralRe: My vote of 4 Pin
Arik Poznanski22-Nov-10 6:59
memberArik Poznanski22-Nov-10 6:59 
XAML doesn't have hardcoded strings. XAML IS strings.
There is nothing you can do about it in XAML.
Not unless Microsoft released a Visual Studio version (2012?) that has refactoring that supports xaml.
Arik Poznanski

GeneralRe: My vote of 4 Pin
SledgeHammer0123-Nov-10 4:51
memberSledgeHammer0123-Nov-10 4:51 
GeneralRe: My vote of 4 Pin
Arik Poznanski23-Nov-10 4:53
memberArik Poznanski23-Nov-10 4:53 

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Technical Blog
Posted 17 Nov 2010

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