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Posted 22 Apr 2008


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Customizable ComboBox Drop-Down

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20 Nov 2014MIT3 min read
A combobox control with a customizable drop-down

Sample Image


This article presents an extension of the .NET ComboBox which provides custom drop-downs. The control can automatically add a resizer grip at the bottom of a drop-down.


Custom drop-down functionality can be achieved using the .NET ToolStripDropDown and ToolStripControlHost classes. These two classes are great because they prevent application forms from becoming inactive during drop-down. The custom popup functionality required by this control has been encapsulated within the class PopupControl (a new addition since the original article posting).

In addition to facilitating this control, the PopupControl class can be used to provide drop-down support in your own controls. The PopupControl also integrates the drop-down resize support (now without the need for a nested resizable container, see below for details).

Previously the drop-down control was resizable by nesting a resizable container. This was an okay solution (because it worked) but it caused some redraw errors during resize operations. The resize functionality has now been significantly improved, and it is now also possible to define which sides of the drop-down are resizable (if any). Resizing can now also be done by dragging the resizable edges of the drop-down. The new resize functionality is achieved by intercepting Win32 hit testing messages, and responding appropriately based upon the set PopupResizeMode property.

The following UML class diagram provides an overview of the presented classes:


Using the Code

As with most controls, this control can be created dynamically at runtime, or by using the Visual C# IDE designer's drag and drop features. During runtime, the property DropDownControl must be assigned to an instance of another control. The assigned control must not be contained elsewhere as this will cause problems.

Most drop-down controls appear better when their borders are removed.

namespace CustomComboDemo
    public partial class Form1 : Form
        public Form1()

        private void Form1_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
            // Dynamically created controls.

            // Create grid view control.
            DataGridView gridView = new DataGridView();
            gridView.BorderStyle = BorderStyle.None;
            gridView.Columns.Add("Column1", "Column 1");
            gridView.Columns.Add("Column2", "Column 2");
            gridView.Columns.Add("Column3", "Column 3");
            gridView.Columns.Add("Column4", "Column 4");
            gridView.Columns.Add("Column5", "Column 5");
            this.customComboBox1.DropDownControl = gridView;

            // Create user control.
            UserControl1 userControl = new UserControl1();
            userControl.BorderStyle = BorderStyle.None;
            this.customComboBox2.DropDownControl = userControl;

            // Create rich textbox control.
            RichTextBox richTextBox = new RichTextBox();
            richTextBox.BorderStyle = BorderStyle.None;
            this.customComboBox3.DropDownControl = richTextBox;

Points of Interest

When writing the code, I found that dropped-down controls were not retrieving immediate input focus. This problem occurs because even though the drop-down code is ignored during the Win32 message handler, the standard win32 drop-down still appears (1x1 pixels). To avoid this, a timer is created which forces the dropped-down control to be focused after the default win32 drop-down has been focused. Once the timer has done its job, it disables itself.


  • 22nd April, 2008: Original version posted
  • 29th April, 2008: Updated download files
    • Fixed a bug that was pointed out by Adam Hearn
  • 17th June, 2008: Various changes
    • Improved design
    • Odd drawing effects during drop-down resize have now been significantly improved
    • Added PopupControl for general custom drop-down support
    • Added download files: Version 2
  • 28th June, 2008: Updated download files for Version 2
  • 15th July, 2008: Updated to version 2.1.
    • Many thanks to member “Leon v Wyk” for this update
    • The improved version now hides incompatible properties from the Visual Studio .IDE properties panel which was causing confusion
  • 21st June, 2009: Updated to version 2.2 
    • Updated source, demo project and UML overview diagram
    • Fixed bug found by CodeProject member “dokmanov”
      Whilst the “DropDownClosed” event was being fired when the drop down arrow was used to close the drop down, it was not being fired when the drop down was closed by clicking in the form area


This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The MIT License


About the Author

Lea Hayes
Software Developer Rotorz Limited
United Kingdom United Kingdom
I have been fascinated by software and video games since a young age when I was given my first computer, a Dragon 32. Since then I have experimented with numerous methods of development ranging from point-and-click type packages to C++. I soon realized that software development was what I wanted to do.

Having invested a lot of time into programming with various languages and technologies I now find it quite easy to pickup new ideas and methodologies. I relish learning new ideas and concepts.

Throughout my life I have dabbled in game and engine development. I was awarded a first for the degree "BEng Games and Entertainment Systems Software Engineering" at the University of Greenwich. It was good to finally experience video games from a more professional perspective.

Due to various family difficulties I was unable to immediately pursue any sort of software development career. This didn't stop me from dabbling though!

Since then I formed a company to focus upon client projects. Up until now the company has primarily dealt with website design and development. I have since decided that it would be fun to go back to my roots and develop games and tools that other developers can use for their games.

We have recently released our first game on iPhone/iPad called "Munchy Bunny!" (see:!/id516575993?mt=8). We hope to expand the game and release to additional platforms.

Also, check out our tile system extension for Unity! (see:

Comments and Discussions

Questionusing the costumCombobox Pin
Mohammad Abdullaha24-Apr-20 11:54
MemberMohammad Abdullaha24-Apr-20 11:54 
SuggestionDropDownStyle Pin
Member 133677704-Dec-19 3:43
MemberMember 133677704-Dec-19 3:43 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pin
Heriberto Lugo21-Jun-19 19:42
MemberHeriberto Lugo21-Jun-19 19:42 
QuestionDatabinding to a DataTable Pin
AllenHeim19664-Oct-18 8:47
MemberAllenHeim19664-Oct-18 8:47 
AnswerRe: Databinding to a DataTable Pin
Member 1071662423-May-19 6:03
MemberMember 1071662423-May-19 6:03 
QuestionKeeping the dropdown list has I type Pin
Wrangly3-Jan-17 14:58
MemberWrangly3-Jan-17 14:58 
QuestionNot passing selected value to combobox Pin
Member 1091554011-Jun-16 5:35
MemberMember 1091554011-Jun-16 5:35 
QuestionCan you help convert this control to Pin
Member 125692837-Jun-16 23:21
MemberMember 125692837-Jun-16 23:21 
AnswerRe: Can you help convert this control to Pin
Arkitec13-Jun-16 14:57
professionalArkitec13-Jun-16 14:57 
PraiseMay i Get VB Version of this insted of c# i am getting errors after using converted code in vb.. please help. Pin
limuras30-May-16 11:10
Memberlimuras30-May-16 11:10 
QuestionNot passing selected value to combobox Pin
Uriel Tinashe Patsanza10-Dec-14 22:12
MemberUriel Tinashe Patsanza10-Dec-14 22:12 
QuestionSnapshot Edit Tool Pin
Youzelin25-Nov-14 21:14
MemberYouzelin25-Nov-14 21:14 
QuestionNice post Pin
Tridip Bhattacharjee13-Dec-13 0:08
professionalTridip Bhattacharjee13-Dec-13 0:08 
QuestionMy Vote of 5 Pin
Serkank949426-Sep-13 7:52
MemberSerkank949426-Sep-13 7:52 
QuestionContextMenuStrip on control in dropdown Pin
wolfgang_hg26-Apr-13 5:03
Memberwolfgang_hg26-Apr-13 5:03 
Questionautocomplete mode Pin
alejandra004-Mar-13 1:42
Memberalejandra004-Mar-13 1:42 
Questiondatasource no muestra informacion Pin
alfred03-Oct-12 16:06
Memberalfred03-Oct-12 16:06 
SuggestionRe: datasource no muestra informacion Pin
Coarval COOP V24-Sep-14 23:52
MemberCoarval COOP V24-Sep-14 23:52 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pin
Kanasz Robert27-Sep-12 12:01
professionalKanasz Robert27-Sep-12 12:01 
QuestionFocus problem Pin
georgegarvasis7-Apr-12 2:24
Membergeorgegarvasis7-Apr-12 2:24 
GeneralBinding DataGridview Pin
bbls198324-Mar-11 18:20
Memberbbls198324-Mar-11 18:20 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pin
Mark Guo1-Feb-11 17:10
MemberMark Guo1-Feb-11 17:10 
GeneralMsgBox message conflict with WndProc Pin
homerhuang3-Feb-10 17:41
Memberhomerhuang3-Feb-10 17:41 
GeneralRe: MsgBox message conflict with WndProc Pin
Lea Hayes4-Feb-10 7:15
MemberLea Hayes4-Feb-10 7:15 
GeneralDesigner improvement: SnapLines Pin
wolfgang_hg19-Nov-09 0:26
Memberwolfgang_hg19-Nov-09 0:26 

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