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Posted 10 Mar 2009

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DataGridVewTextBoxCell with Span Behaviour

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18 Jun 2013CPOL1 min read
DataGridViewTextBoxCell derived cell that can be merged with cells of the same type
Image 1

Introduction

The standard System.Windows.Forms.DataGridView cells do not support merging the normal way. At some forums, developers advise the use of the CellPainting event of DataGridView. But this solution is not good if you need to realize complicated mergings. DataGridViewTextBoxCellEx supports spanning without any additional code.

Using the Code

To use DataGridViewTextBoxCellEx in a project, include the DataGridViewTextBoxCellEx.cs file, and then you can add DataGridViewTextBoxColumnEx in the columns editor of the DataGridView control.

Merging of cells is performed by setting the ColumnSpan and RowSpan properties of the left top DataGridViewTextBoxCellEx cell of the target region. For successful merging, all cells of the region must be of the DataGridViewTextBoxCellEx type.

C#
var cell = (DataGridViewTextBoxCellEx)dataGridView1[0, 0];
cell.ColumnSpan = 3;
cell.RowSpan = 2;

As a result, the dataGridView1[0, 0] cell will occupy the region from (0, 0) to (2, 1) (see screenshot at the top). The merged cell will look as the top left cell of the region. And if you wish to address a merged cell, you need to address the top left cell of the merged region. The merged region will look and behave as a normal System.Windows.Forms.DataGridViewTextBoxCell. You can edit it the standard way (pressing F2, clicking or typing text).

DataGridViewTextBoxCellEx also has a property OwnerCell. For unmerged cells and for the left top cells of the merged regions, it is null. For other cells of the merged region, the property points to the left top cell.

History

  • 11th March, 2009: Initial post
  • 9th March, 2010: Article updated
  • 21st December, 2010: Demo and source files updated

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

Sergey Semyonov
Software Developer EKRA
Russian Federation Russian Federation
No Biography provided

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AnswerRe: Добавка новых строк или столбцов Pin
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Questionproblem allowusertoordercolumns Pin
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QuestionDrawToBitmap not working for merged cells content Pin
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SuggestionSugestion for the error "System.Windows.Forms.DataGridViewTextBoxCell" to "SpannedDataGridView.DataGridViewTextBoxCellEx" Pin
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QuestionDelete dynamically some column Pin
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PraiseYou saved my life. Thank you very much! Pin
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GeneralRe: You saved my life. Thank you very much! Pin
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SuggestionCreate new column dynamically and center text Pin
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QuestionProblem with borders when missing column headers and row headers but having frozen rows and columns Pin
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QuestionCan't convert "System.Windows.Forms.DataGridViewTextBoxCell" to "SpannedDataGridView.DataGridViewTextBoxCellEx" Pin
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AnswerRe: Can't convert "System.Windows.Forms.DataGridViewTextBoxCell" to "SpannedDataGridView.DataGridViewTextBoxCellEx" Pin
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