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Tracing Utility in C++

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3.29 (7 votes)
3 Feb 2003
This article explains inserts and deletion of queues

Introduction

Writing our own trace utility is much important for complicated and complex applications. This is useful since C++ does not have the concept of GC (garbage collector) unlike C# or Java which automatically takes care of those issues. A good trace file can help a lot if you are trying to find bugs or hard to find memory leaks that often raise during the production of the application.

So what we need is an easy utility that detects the memory leaks in place when the application is run. That also finds out where exactly the memory leak are and how many bytes of memory are not freed.

Using the Code

Mainly, we wanted to rewrite the new function so that whenever new is called, it adds the trace and of course for delete, we have to remove the trace. Both the methods should be synchronous with each other. Failing to call delete will trigger memory leak.

#define DEBUG_NEW new(__FILE__, __LINE__)

  inline void * __cdecl operator new(size_t size,
        const char *fileName, int lineNumber)
  {
    void *ptr = (void *)malloc(size);
    addTrace((DWORD)ptr, size, fileName, lineNumber);
    return(ptr);
  };

For delete, this is supposed to be called:

void __cdecl operator delete(void *p)
{
  removeTrace((DWORD)p);
  free(p);
};

For checking the results, we need a helper method that walks us through the memory leaks:

void Dump()
{
  AllocatedList::iterator i;
  DWORD totalSize = 0;
  char buf[1024];

  if(!allocatedList)
    return;

  for(i=allocatedList->begin(); i!=allocatedList->end(); i++) 
  {
    sprintf(buf, 
      "%-50s:\t\tLINE %d,\t\tADDRESS %d\t%d NOTFREED\n",
      (*i)->fileName, 
      (*i)->lineNumber, 
      (*i)->address, 
      (*i)->size);
    printf("%s",buf);
    totalSize += (*i)->size;
  }

  sprintf(buf, "\n---------------------------------\n");
  printf("%s",buf);
  if(!totalSize) 
  {
    sprintf(buf,"There are no MEMORY LEAKS\n");
    printf("%s",buf);
  }
    else
  {
    sprintf(buf, 
      "Total UNFREED MEMORY: %d bytes\n", 
      totalSize);
    printf("%s",buf);
  }
};

I have used a List to iterate walk the elements.

main()
{
  char *str = "This is a Testing Program";
  int len = strlen(str);
  char *ptr;
  ptr = DEBUG_NEW char[len+1];
  strcpy(ptr,str);
  delete ptr;
  Dump();
}

Take a look at the main function: instead of calling new char[len+1]; I am calling DEBUG_NEW. This will add the trace and delete will remove the trace.

I still can't find out if there was a way to call new instead of DEBUG_NEW directly.

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About the Author

A.Samar
United States United States
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Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralHelp TVITEM Pin
AJAYP5-Feb-03 20:38
memberAJAYP5-Feb-03 20:38 
GeneralRe: Help TVITEM Pin
Nader Michael15-Feb-03 21:32
memberNader Michael15-Feb-03 21:32 
GeneralOpps.. There is already one i have written Pin
Samar Aarkotti5-Feb-03 9:36
memberSamar Aarkotti5-Feb-03 9:36 
GeneralBetter solution Pin
Zoltan Csizmadia4-Feb-03 10:51
memberZoltan Csizmadia4-Feb-03 10:51 
GeneralRe: Better solution Pin
WREY6-Feb-03 0:21
memberWREY6-Feb-03 0:21 
QuestionA re-submit? Pin
Rickard Andersson204-Feb-03 5:25
memberRickard Andersson204-Feb-03 5:25 

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Article
Posted 3 Feb 2003

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