"Metro is an internal code name for a typography-based design language created by Microsoft. It was created as a product of Microsoft's user interface design work on some of their media products like Zune and Windows Media Center, for major utilization in their mobile operating system, Windows Phone 7", wikipedia.org.
Continuing with Metro UI, I will try to give here a bunch of information that seems to be quite scattered around the web and I will show how easy it is to build a sample window (no resizing) with WPF which will look like Metro.
The first place one should study is the official guidelines of Microsoft. There, you will find all the documentation you need about the logic of Metro, design guidelines and Photoshop templates of icons, buttons, etc. There is however a better alternative for the icons. Here, you can find all the standard Metro UI icons in one zip all in png format, ready to use in your project.
A few other really interesting projects that apply the Metro UI are the following:
Another important aspect of the UI in order to look proper has to do with the fonts. In most projects, you might find styles that refer to the Segoe WP (from Windows Phone) fonts. While these fonts are also available for your PC and can be easily installed (either standalone or through the WindowsPhone tools), you should avoid it when you are building a WPF application. Segoe UI or Segoe Light render much better, especially for small sizes (below 15).
So going back to our sample window, we will build a simple WPF project from Visual Studio, and we will make our
MainWindow look like a Metro one. Our window's XAML should look something like that:
So with a no border, no resize, white and transparent window, we are ready to begin. The next step is build the shadow around the edges. This can be accomplished easier that one might think. All we need is a border with the dimensions of our window which will have a shadow effect on it.
But since we have the window with no border, we have two important issues: we have to find a way to move (drag) the window around and find a button that will close the window. For the first problem, we create a rectangle on the top of the window and we attach to its
and then we have:
private void HandleHeaderPreviewMouseDown(Object sender,
m_headerLastClicked = DateTime.Now;
if (Mouse.LeftButton == MouseButtonState.Pressed)
Now for closing the window, we create a button with a custom style (we could also create a button template and give it one of the Metro PNG files we downloaded earlier).
I know I've chosen a really weird way of showing the "X" on the close button, but trust me it works. Here's a sneak peek.