Click here to Skip to main content
14,869,378 members
Articles / Desktop Programming / MFC
Posted 16 Nov 1999


352 bookmarked

CSizingControlBar - A Resizable Control Bar

Rate me:
Please Sign up or sign in to vote.
4.96/5 (149 votes)
15 Aug 2000CPOL5 min read
DevStudio-like docking window

Sample Image

Features of CSizingControlBar 2.43

  • Resizable control bar, that can be resized both when docked and when floating
  • Multiple sizing control bars can be docked on the same row/column
  • Full dynamic resizing, both when docked and floating, including diagonal resizing when floating
  • State persistence support (SaveState/LoadState)
  • Gripper with "hide bar" flat button
  • Memory DC flickerless NC painting
  • Sample extension class with focus autosensing text caption. On Win98/Win2k, the caption is painted with gradient
  • No custom resources were used (bitmaps, cursors, strings, etc.), so the integration is easier and you have full control over the resources you eventually use in derived classes
  • Easy to use: use directly one of the CSizingControlBar* classes or derive your own control bar class, then add your child controls


Getting Started

  1. Include the following files in your project:
  2. Add these lines to your stdafx.h (if the files are in a different directory, include the path - see the stdafx.h file in the samples):
    #include "sizecbar.h"
    #include "scbarg.h"
  3. Derive a class from CSizingControlBarG (you have an example in mybar.* files).
  4. In mainfrm.h, include your class' header:
    #include "mybar.h"

    then add a member variable to CMainFrame:

    CMyBar m_wndMyBar;
  5. Create the bar in CMainFrame::OnCreate(). Then set bar styles, enable it to dock... like any control bar.
    if (!m_wndMyBar.Create(_T("My Bar"), this, 123)
        TRACE0("Failed to create mybar\n");
        return -1;
        // fail to create
    m_wndMyBar.SetBarStyle(m_wndMyBar.GetBarStyle() |
    DockControlBar(&m_wndMyBar, AFX_IDW_DOCKBAR_LEFT);

Advanced Example

The instructions above will make a docking bar with a DevStudio-like gripper (with 2 raised lines and a hide button) when docked, and with no gripper when floating.

Let's explore some advanced features. Now we will use the CSizingControlBarCF class as a base class, and will hide the miniframe caption, showing the gripper in the floating state too. That's possible, because CSizingControlBarCF's gripper looks like a small caption. As a side effect of using a custom miniframe class, the resizing of the floating bar will be dynamic if "Show window contents while dragging" display property is enabled.

  1. Add these files to your project too:
  2. Change the stdafx.h file to look like this:
    #include "sizecbar.h"
    #include "scbarg.h"
    #include "scbarcf.h"
    #define baseCMyBar CSizingControlBarCF
  3. Add these lines in CMainFrame::OnCreate(), after the EnableDocking() call:
        m_pFloatingFrameClass = RUNTIME_CLASS(CSCBMiniDockFrameWnd);


These classes are intended to be used as base classes. Do not simply add your code to the files - instead, create a new class derived from CSizingControlBarG or CSizingControlBarCF and put there what you need. If you want to customize your gripper, or simply don't want a gripper, you can use CSizingControlBar as a base class.

Window IDs: The usage of IDs in the range of AFX_IDW_CONTROLBAR_FIRST + 32 .. AFX_IDW_CONTROLBAR_LAST is required only if the bar will not be enabled for docking (that's is - it will stay fixed right under the frame's menu). But in this situation, you won't be able to fully use the features of this class, so if you will enable it to dock (a reasonable guess :) then you can use any valid window ID.
Another place where the IDs are important is the saving/loading of the bar's state. You must use different IDs for each control bar that is enabled to dock, and this includes the other bars too. For example, if you have two toolbars, you can create the first one with the default ID (which is AFX_IDW_TOOLBAR = AFX_IDW_CONTROLBAR_FIRST), but the second one must have a different ID.

OnUpdateCmdUI: This member function is pure virtual in CControlBar (the base class of CSizingControlBar). Its purpose is to allow updating of controls at idle time (from here CCmdUI::DoUpdate() is called for the toolbars buttons, controls on dialog bars, panes of status bar, etc.).
However, I found it very useful to update the look of the "x" flat button in CSizingControlBarG and the color of the caption in CSizingControlBarCF (no timers needed). So, if you will use this function, don't forget to call the base class' member (see mybar.cpp).

Dynamic resizing: This feature allows redrawing of the bar during resizing. Also all the bars are repositioned and redrawn if necessary.
The SPI_GETDRAGFULLWINDOWS system parameter is queried for this (it is enabled by the "Show window contents while dragging" checkbox in Display Properties).

CBRS_SIZE_DYNAMIC: This bar style is required. Make sure you add it to the bar, otherwise the application will crash when the user floats a bar. You can add it using SetBarStyle() after Create(), or by changing the default style for Create() to something like: WS_VISIBLE|WS_CHILD|CBRS_TOP|CBRS_SIZE_DYNAMIC.

State persistence: The common MFC control bars' docking state is saved using CMainFrame::SaveBarState(). In addition to the information saved by this function, the CSizingControlBar class needs to save 3 sizes. This is done in CSizingControlBar::SaveState() function, so a m_wndMyBar.SaveState() call is required. Please note that the state storing code must be placed in CMainFrame's OnClose() or DestroyWindow(), not in OnDestroy(), because at the time the WM_DESTROY message is received, the floating bars are already destroyed.
In CMainFrame::OnCreate(), the m_wndMyBar.LoadState() call must be placed before LoadBarState().
Alternatively, if you have more than one resizable bars, you can call once the static member SizingControlBar::GlobalSaveState() instead of calling each bar's SaveState(). The same for LoadState() - there is a CSizingControlBar::GlobalLoadState() function. See both samples here for more details.

Precompiler flags: There are 2 symbols which can be defined to cause the floating bars to have different appearance and functionality:

  1. _SCB_REPLACE_MINIFRAME can be used to plug in CSCBMiniDockFrameWnd, which is a custom miniframe class. The main gain of using this class is that the floating bars can be resized dynamically, like all other windows. The other advantage is that the miniframe caption can be turned off, allowing the bar to display its own gripper, for increased functionality and/or custom designs.
    If you use this flag, you have to change the m_pFloatingFrameClass member of the main frame (see the advanced example above).
  2. _SCB_MINIFRAME_CAPTION can be defined only if the previous flag is also defined. It causes the custom miniframe to keep the tool window caption.
    Both CSizingControlBarG and CSizingControlBarCF classes do not display a gripper when floating if this flag is set.

See also for class reference, a full changelog, FAQ, a dedicated message board and more.


This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)


About the Author

Cristi Posea
United States United States
No Biography provided

Comments and Discussions

GeneralRe: Unsetting Focus Pin
Andreas Weller30-Jul-03 22:40
MemberAndreas Weller30-Jul-03 22:40 
QuestionWarnings 0x007b and 0x0064 ? Pin
Anonymous27-Sep-02 5:04
MemberAnonymous27-Sep-02 5:04 
AnswerI got too! Pin
eastgao8-Oct-02 20:36
susseastgao8-Oct-02 20:36 
QuestionHow to set the one docking bar's width, when there is two bars docking at same row?? Pin
Avlee24-Sep-02 21:13
MemberAvlee24-Sep-02 21:13 
Generaldemo2 could not build in; "afxChNil" undeclared identifier Pin
ghj197616-Sep-02 21:23
Memberghj197616-Sep-02 21:23 
GeneralRe: demo2 could not build in; "afxChNil" undeclared identifier Pin
erehw25-Sep-02 3:56
Membererehw25-Sep-02 3:56 
GeneralRe: demo2 could not build in; "afxChNil" undeclared identifier Pin
Tim Stubbs26-Sep-02 0:25
MemberTim Stubbs26-Sep-02 0:25 
Questionhow do i do this in Pin
Abraham Andres Luna28-Aug-02 8:52
professionalAbraham Andres Luna28-Aug-02 8:52 
i love the way this toolbar operates. can anyone help me in doing this in Big Grin | :-D
AnswerRe: how do i do this in Pin
Soliant13-Sep-02 8:08
MemberSoliant13-Sep-02 8:08 
QuestionHow To make the toolbar fixed in size? Pin
Uttam Kumar Unik!8-Aug-02 22:45
MemberUttam Kumar Unik!8-Aug-02 22:45 
AnswerRe: How To make the toolbar fixed in size? Pin
Tine15-Dec-02 21:17
MemberTine15-Dec-02 21:17 
Questionwhy ??? Pin
ErnestChen8-Aug-02 20:52
MemberErnestChen8-Aug-02 20:52 
QuestionHow can I Place multiple Docking control bars..... Pin
alinazakat6-Aug-02 7:48
Memberalinazakat6-Aug-02 7:48 
Generalwindow messages seemes to have no effect.. Pin
Hannes__4-Aug-02 7:06
sussHannes__4-Aug-02 7:06 
GeneralAutohide extension Pin
11-Jun-02 1:26
suss11-Jun-02 1:26 
GeneralRe: Autohide extension Pin
NormDroid11-Jul-02 22:20
professionalNormDroid11-Jul-02 22:20 
QuestionHow do you get scrollbars around main app frame when docked views are too large? Pin
Julia Larson23-Apr-02 11:27
MemberJulia Larson23-Apr-02 11:27 
GeneralFlickering while resizing the main frame Pin
Joerg Hoffmann16-Apr-02 0:27
MemberJoerg Hoffmann16-Apr-02 0:27 
GeneralRe: Flickering while resizing the main frame Pin
Yi Yang9-Jul-02 19:52
MemberYi Yang9-Jul-02 19:52 
GeneralRe: Flickering while resizing the main frame Pin
TeleStar4-Feb-03 21:09
MemberTeleStar4-Feb-03 21:09 
QuestionHoriz Resize to the left and right ? Pin
Braulio Dez14-Feb-02 23:47
MemberBraulio Dez14-Feb-02 23:47 
GeneralDebug Assertion Failed! Pin
dicker1-Feb-02 14:48
Memberdicker1-Feb-02 14:48 
QuestionCan you tell me more about ... Pin
Ruosi23-Dec-01 8:04
MemberRuosi23-Dec-01 8:04 
GeneralBars without background (CDemo2View) Pin
VasSlav1-Nov-01 4:45
MemberVasSlav1-Nov-01 4:45 
QuestionX-button problem? Pin
18-Oct-01 4:56
suss18-Oct-01 4:56 

General General    News News    Suggestion Suggestion    Question Question    Bug Bug    Answer Answer    Joke Joke    Praise Praise    Rant Rant    Admin Admin   

Use Ctrl+Left/Right to switch messages, Ctrl+Up/Down to switch threads, Ctrl+Shift+Left/Right to switch pages.