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Posted 4 Jul 2014
Licenced CPOL

WIA Scanner in C# Windows Forms

, 4 Jul 2014
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How to use WIA supported scanner using C#


This project is used to show how to use WIA Windows Image Acquisition supported Scanner. Using this project, we can scan applications from scanner and save into specific location automatically.


With this project, we can learn how we can Access Scanners through C#. For this project, we need two things:

  1. WIA DLL
  2. WIA class

WIA dll is available in my resource file.

You can add this WIA class and there is no need to change anything.

class WIAScanner
        const string wiaFormatBMP = "{B96B3CAB-0728-11D3-9D7B-0000F81EF32E}";
            public const uint FEEDER = 0x00000001;
            public const uint FLATBED = 0x00000002;
            public const uint FEED_READY = 0x00000001;
        class WIA_PROPERTIES
            public const uint WIA_RESERVED_FOR_NEW_PROPS = 1024;
            public const uint WIA_DIP_FIRST = 2;
            public const uint WIA_DPA_FIRST = WIA_DIP_FIRST + WIA_RESERVED_FOR_NEW_PROPS;
            public const uint WIA_DPC_FIRST = WIA_DPA_FIRST + WIA_RESERVED_FOR_NEW_PROPS;
            // Scanner only device properties (DPS)
            public const uint WIA_DPS_FIRST = WIA_DPC_FIRST + WIA_RESERVED_FOR_NEW_PROPS;
            public const uint WIA_DPS_DOCUMENT_HANDLING_STATUS = WIA_DPS_FIRST + 13;
            public const uint WIA_DPS_DOCUMENT_HANDLING_SELECT = WIA_DPS_FIRST + 14;
         /// <summary>
        /// Use scanner to scan an image (with user selecting the scanner from a dialog).
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns>Scanned images.</returns>
        public static List<Image> Scan()
            WIA.ICommonDialog dialog = new WIA.CommonDialog();
            WIA.Device device = dialog.ShowSelectDevice
                (WIA.WiaDeviceType.UnspecifiedDeviceType, true, false);
            if (device != null)
                return Scan(device.DeviceID);
                throw new Exception("You must select a device for scanning.");
        /// <summary>
        /// Use scanner to scan an image (scanner is selected by its unique id).
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="scannerName"></param>
        /// <returns>Scanned images.</returns>
      public static List<Image> Scan(string scannerId)
            List<Image> images = new List<Image>();
            bool hasMorePages = true;
            while (hasMorePages)
                // select the correct scanner using the provided scannerId parameter
                WIA.DeviceManager manager = new WIA.DeviceManager();
                WIA.Device device = null;
                foreach (WIA.DeviceInfo info in manager.DeviceInfos)
                    if (info.DeviceID == scannerId)
                        // connect to scanner
                        device = info.Connect();
                // device was not found
                if (device == null)
                    // enumerate available devices
                    string availableDevices = "";
                    foreach (WIA.DeviceInfo info in manager.DeviceInfos)
                        availableDevices += info.DeviceID + "\n";
                    // show error with available devices
                    throw new Exception("The device with provided ID could not be found. 
                    Available Devices:\n" + availableDevices);
                WIA.Item item = device.Items[1] as WIA.Item;
                    // scan image
                    WIA.ICommonDialog wiaCommonDialog = new WIA.CommonDialog();
        WIA.ImageFile image = (WIA.ImageFile)wiaCommonDialog.ShowTransfer(item,wiaFormatBMP                                                                           , false);
                      // save to temp file
                    string fileName = Path.GetTempFileName();
                    image = null;
                    // add file to output list
                catch (Exception exc)
                    throw exc;
                    item = null;
                    //determine if there are any more pages waiting
                    WIA.Property documentHandlingSelect = null;
                    WIA.Property documentHandlingStatus = null;
                    foreach (WIA.Property prop in device.Properties)
                    if (prop.PropertyID == WIA_PROPERTIES.WIA_DPS_DOCUMENT_HANDLING_SELECT)
                            documentHandlingSelect = prop;
                    if (prop.PropertyID == WIA_PROPERTIES.WIA_DPS_DOCUMENT_HANDLING_STATUS)
                            documentHandlingStatus = prop;
                    // assume there are no more pages
                    hasMorePages = false;
                    // may not exist on flatbed scanner but required for feeder
                    if (documentHandlingSelect != null)
                        // check for document feeder
                        if ((Convert.ToUInt32(documentHandlingSelect.get_Value()) & 
                        WIA_DPS_DOCUMENT_HANDLING_SELECT.FEEDER) != 0)
                            hasMorePages = ((Convert.ToUInt32(documentHandlingStatus.get_Value()) & 
                            WIA_DPS_DOCUMENT_HANDLING_STATUS.FEED_READY) != 0);
            return images;
        /// <summary>
        /// Gets the list of available WIA devices.
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static List<string> GetDevices()
            List<string> devices = new List<string>();
            WIA.DeviceManager manager = new WIA.DeviceManager();
            foreach (WIA.DeviceInfo info in manager.DeviceInfos)
            return devices;

Using the Code

I have created a UserInterface design like this:

Here Scan button is used to trigger the event to scan the objects placed in Scanner. I have used panel control to show scanned image.

After scanning the object placed in Scanner device, the UI will be like this:

Here, I have saved scanned image into specific location with yyyy-MM-dd HHmmss format.

Points of Interest

With this project, we can learn how to access local devices like printers, scanners and cameras.


This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)


About the Author

Chakravarthi Elchuri
Software Developer
India India
Having good experience of developing code for CTI, Scanner, Cammera, Interactive maps for IRP(International Registration Plan)integration and 311 service request maps using different Geocoding API providers.

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Comments and Discussions

QuestionScan the image connected the mobile device Pin
Member 138907957-Dec-18 21:46
memberMember 138907957-Dec-18 21:46 
QuestionHelp me, please Pin
__Radik__21-Nov-17 0:46
member__Radik__21-Nov-17 0:46 
QuestionChange Height and Width Pin
Member 1295166520-Nov-17 23:31
memberMember 1295166520-Nov-17 23:31 
QuestionHow to ADF? Pin
Member 1239823712-Sep-17 1:51
memberMember 1239823712-Sep-17 1:51 
Questionappear error message you dont have any WAI device Pin
Member 1246467624-Apr-17 23:00
memberMember 1246467624-Apr-17 23:00 
QuestionHow to save to a specific location? Pin
alfred angkasa2-Nov-16 15:36
memberalfred angkasa2-Nov-16 15:36 
QuestionThanks for this useful information Pin
Member 999352020-Aug-16 0:33
memberMember 999352020-Aug-16 0:33 
QuestionHow to set the alternate light source Pin
Wolfgang Kurz23-Jun-16 22:07
professionalWolfgang Kurz23-Jun-16 22:07 
Question[Solved] How to get the human readable name of a selected WIA scanner Pin
Wolfgang Kurz22-Jun-16 2:54
professionalWolfgang Kurz22-Jun-16 2:54 
QuestionHow to change DPI or size? Pin
Boris Brock1-Feb-16 6:23
memberBoris Brock1-Feb-16 6:23 
QuestionHow i increase scan image width. When i scan image it comming 50% only ? Pin
aarif moh shaikh3-Dec-15 23:13
professionalaarif moh shaikh3-Dec-15 23:13 
AnswerRe: How i increase scan image width. When i scan image it comming 50% only ? Pin
Member 1295166520-Nov-17 23:35
memberMember 1295166520-Nov-17 23:35 
QuestionUsing WIA to capture Image from camera Pin
ahmedfaruk8817-Nov-15 1:23
memberahmedfaruk8817-Nov-15 1:23 
QuestionHow to duplex scanning ? Pin
thucap22-Oct-15 23:59
memberthucap22-Oct-15 23:59 
Member 117521108-Jun-15 22:16
memberMember 117521108-Jun-15 22:16 
Member 117521108-Jun-15 22:29
memberMember 117521108-Jun-15 22:29 
Question"HRESULT: 0x80210003" Pin
Marco_529-Apr-15 4:01
memberMarco_529-Apr-15 4:01 
AnswerRe: "HRESULT: 0x80210003" Pin
quarklaudiano30-Sep-15 22:59
memberquarklaudiano30-Sep-15 22:59 
GeneralRe: "HRESULT: 0x80210003" Pin
tawfeek15-Mar-16 10:56
membertawfeek15-Mar-16 10:56 
GeneralRe: "HRESULT: 0x80210003" Pin
Member 1259218619-Jun-16 5:49
memberMember 1259218619-Jun-16 5:49 
QuestionIs this dll for all scanner or for specific scanner Pin
Sabyasachi Misra9-Apr-15 19:19
professionalSabyasachi Misra9-Apr-15 19:19 
AnswerRe: Is this dll for all scanner or for specific scanner Pin
Member 1295166520-Nov-17 23:37
memberMember 1295166520-Nov-17 23:37 
Questionany body answer my Question ? Pin
Amir Mir Motahari7-Feb-15 8:05
memberAmir Mir Motahari7-Feb-15 8:05 
Questionerror Pin
Member 106069435-Feb-15 5:11
memberMember 106069435-Feb-15 5:11 
QuestionCant find image path from picturebox Pin
Amir Mir Motahari26-Jan-15 0:59
memberAmir Mir Motahari26-Jan-15 0:59 

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