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Posted 9 Aug 2003


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Using ADO.NET in MFC Projects

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9 Aug 20033 min read
Mixing managed and unmanaged code and using .NET library in MFC projects

Sample Image - adonetinmfc.gif


The main goal of writing this article is to explain how we can mix the .NET library with the MFC library in very easy steps, gaining the benefits of .NET in unmanaged code such as MFC projects. So for this reason I’ve added ADO.NET in a MFC project to use the simple, type-safe and powerful functionalities of that library.


In designing tools and technologies to meet the needs of today's developer, Microsoft recognized that an entirely new programming model for data access was needed, one that is built upon the .NET Framework. Building on the .NET Framework ensures that the data access technology would be uniform, components would share a common type system, design patterns and naming conventions. ADO.NET was designed to meet the needs of this new programming model: disconnected data architecture, tight integration with XML, common data representation with the ability to combine data from multiple and varied data sources, and optimized facilities for interacting with a database, all native to the .NET Framework.

Mixing Managed and Unmanaged code

To use managed code in a MFC projects we must change some MFC project settings and add some code to declare the .NET library.

Changing Configuration

To alter the configuration of your MFC project to use unmanaged code, change the following items in the Configuration Properties dialog box.

General - Use Managed Extensions = YES

C/C++ - General - Debug Information Format = Program Database (/Zi)

C/C++ - General - Compile As Managed = Assembly Support (/clr)

C/C++ - Code Generation - Enable Minimal Rebuild = No

C/C++ - Code Generation - Basic Runtime Checks = Default

The /clr compiler option provides module-level control for compiling functions either as managed or unmanaged. Now you must add the following code wherever you want to use managed code. If you want use managed code in several classes of your project it is better that you add this code to the stdafx.h file.

#pragma managed

#using <mscorlib.dll>
#using <System.dll>
#using <>

#using namespace System;
#using namespace System::Data;
#using namespace System::Data::OleDb;

The managed pragma enables function-level control for compiling functions as managed. An unmanaged function will be compiled for the native platform, and execution of that portion of the program will be passed to the native platform by the common language runtime.

Because we are using ADO.NET in our project so we have to add System::Data and since we want to use the MS Access database we have added System::Data::OleDb.

__gc Pointers in Unmanaged Classes

To declare a managed pointer as member in a class we must use __gc pointers. It is illegal to declare a member of an unmanaged class to have __gc pointer type. In order to point to a managed object from the C++ heap, the header file vcclr.h provides the type-safe wrapper template gcroot. Use of this template allows the programmer to embed a virtual __gc pointer in an unmanaged class and treat it as if it were the underlying type. The header file vcclr.h is included in VS.NET by default and you don’t need to include it to your application. Anyway this file can be found in the \Microsoft Visual Studio .NET\Vc7\include directory.

Therefore for declaring pointers of OleDB classes as members we must writing something like this.
gcroot<OleDbConnection*> m_OleDbConnection;
gcroot<OleDbCommand*>    m_OleDb;
gcroot<OleDbDataReader*> m_Reader;

Writing Managed Code

Now it is time to write managed code in an unmanaged function.

#pragma push_macro("new")
#undef new

    m_OleDbConnection = new OleDbConnection(
                 S"Provider=Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0;Data Source=C:\\test.mdb"
    m_OleDbConnection->Open();    // Open up the connection
    m_OleDb = new OleDbCommand(S"select * from Persons", m_OleDbConnection);
    m_Reader = m_OleDb->ExecuteReader();

    int count = 0;

    while (m_Reader->Read())
        AddToList(count,m_Reader->get_Item("First Name")->ToString(),
                  m_Reader->get_Item("Last Name")->ToString(),
                  m_Reader->get_Item("Phone Number")->ToString()
catch(Exception *e)

#pragma pop_macro("new")

the #pragma push_macro("new"), #undef new and #pragma pop_macro("new") are used when your project is in debug mode. Otherwise you will get errors saying placement arguments not allowed while creating instances of managed classes.

This was a small sample that indicates how we can use .NET library in MFC based projects. By following this sample You can write more complicated projects and using more benefits of .NET. It is easy to cope with and entirely feasible to extend your own MFC applications with managed code.


This article has no explicit license attached to it but may contain usage terms in the article text or the download files themselves. If in doubt please contact the author via the discussion board below.

A list of licenses authors might use can be found here


About the Author

Majid Shahabfar
Software Developer (Senior)
Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Majid is a well-experienced .NET developer who directs his own community which is a Microsoft software development technology community for Persian native developers.
He is involved in many kind of software projects and also doing some tasks on High Performance Computing including massive parallel computing and GPU programming.
He is working as a software designer and developer and also as a consultant for some IT related companies.

Comments and Discussions

QuestionCorrections and updates? Pin
cforbin19-Apr-18 3:04
Membercforbin19-Apr-18 3:04 
Generalwho do use datagrid in this project Pin
soheaila12-Jan-09 20:07
Membersoheaila12-Jan-09 20:07 
GeneralRe: who do use datagrid in this project Pin
Majid Shahabfar13-Jan-09 3:23
MemberMajid Shahabfar13-Jan-09 3:23 
Questionhow can use it on 8.mdf file? Pin
vahid_m_200816-Dec-08 3:51
Membervahid_m_200816-Dec-08 3:51 
QuestionI can't find some options in VS2005?! Pin
DONinLIVE11-Nov-07 17:05
MemberDONinLIVE11-Nov-07 17:05 
steveusa39200013-May-07 8:35
Membersteveusa39200013-May-07 8:35 
Himanshu R. Swami5-Mar-08 4:47
MemberHimanshu R. Swami5-Mar-08 4:47 
GeneralHi Pin
voorugonda prashanth20-Apr-07 5:03
Membervoorugonda prashanth20-Apr-07 5:03 
QuestionCString -> System::String __gc * Pin
sung-jun, choi22-Nov-06 20:07
Membersung-jun, choi22-Nov-06 20:07 
AnswerRe: CString -> System::String __gc * Pin
Majid Shahabfar24-Nov-06 2:10
MemberMajid Shahabfar24-Nov-06 2:10 
AnswerRe: CString -> System::String __gc * Pin
hanseh13-Sep-07 22:55
Memberhanseh13-Sep-07 22:55 
AnswerRe: CString -> System::String __gc * Pin
haoke01612-Sep-12 3:29
Memberhaoke01612-Sep-12 3:29 
GeneralFinding the Columns that make up an Index Pin
AlexEvans12-Oct-06 21:36
MemberAlexEvans12-Oct-06 21:36 
AnswerRe: Finding the Columns that make up an Index Pin
Himanshu R. Swami5-Mar-08 4:42
MemberHimanshu R. Swami5-Mar-08 4:42 
Generalkalak Pin
hadez80310-Sep-06 13:20
Memberhadez80310-Sep-06 13:20 
GeneralRe: kalak Pin
Majid Shahabfar10-Sep-06 18:54
MemberMajid Shahabfar10-Sep-06 18:54 
GeneralRe: kalak Pin
hadez80314-Sep-06 8:45
Memberhadez80314-Sep-06 8:45 
QuestionWhat's mean "S" ? Pin
snowume30-Jul-06 19:40
Membersnowume30-Jul-06 19:40 
AnswerRe: What's mean "S" ? Pin
Himanshu R. Swami5-Mar-08 4:35
MemberHimanshu R. Swami5-Mar-08 4:35 
GeneralRe: What's mean "S" ? Pin
snowume7-Mar-10 21:28
Membersnowume7-Mar-10 21:28 
QuestionADO.NET in Visual Studio 6.0 Pin
Shai`tan7-Jul-06 3:59
MemberShai`tan7-Jul-06 3:59 
AnswerRe: ADO.NET in Visual Studio 6.0 Pin
Majid Shahabfar7-Jul-06 5:50
MemberMajid Shahabfar7-Jul-06 5:50 
GeneralRe: ADO.NET in Visual Studio 6.0 Pin
Shai`tan7-Jul-06 10:55
MemberShai`tan7-Jul-06 10:55 
GeneralRe: ADO.NET in Visual Studio 6.0 Pin
Shai`tan7-Jul-06 11:00
MemberShai`tan7-Jul-06 11:00 
GeneralRe: ADO.NET in Visual Studio 6.0 Pin
Majid Shahabfar7-Jul-06 22:20
MemberMajid Shahabfar7-Jul-06 22:20 

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