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WPF Control of Image to be Displayed

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4.53 (6 votes)
3 Mar 2018CPOL
This tip presents a way to use the ContentControl and DataTemplate to easily control an image in a Window.

Introduction

I had the requirement to change an icon dependent on the state. I would normally do this by controlling the visibility of each image, but thought that there might be a better way. This tip presents a way to do this using a ContentContol and Binding.

The Sample

Here is the XAML for the Window that uses this technique:

<Window x:Class="WpfApp1.MainWindow"

    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"

    xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"

    xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008"

    xmlns:local="clr-namespace:WpfApp1"

    xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006"

    Title="MainWindow"

    Width="400"

    Height="300"

    mc:Ignorable="d">
  <Window.DataContext>
    <local:ViewModel />
  </Window.DataContext>
  <Window.Resources>
    <ContentControl x:Key="RedXControl">
      <Viewbox>
        <Border Width="40"

            Height="40"

            Background="#FFCE1319"

            CornerRadius="20">
          <Viewbox Width="24"

               Height="24"

               HorizontalAlignment="center"

               VerticalAlignment="Center"

               Stretch="Uniform">
            <Path Margin="-15.79,-30,0,-20"

             Data="F1 M 0380.52, 0014.92L 0273.68, 0185.42L 0397.49, 0382.49L 0266.19, 0382.49L 
             0198.323, 0266.74L 0129.807, 0382.49L 0026.551, 0382.49L 0144.956, 0192.7L 0031.399, 
             0014.92L 0163.002, 0014.92L 0220.03, 0113.84L 0279.22, 0014.92L 0380.52, 0014.92 Z"

             Fill="White" />
          </Viewbox>
        </Border>
      </Viewbox>
    </ContentControl>
    <ContentControl x:Key="GreenCheckControl">
      <Viewbox>
        <Border Width="40"

            Height="40"

            Background="#FF458E1D"

            CornerRadius="20">
          <Viewbox Width="24"

               Height="24"

               HorizontalAlignment="center"

               VerticalAlignment="Center"

               Stretch="Uniform">
            <Path Margin="-25.79,-90,0,0"

             Data="F1 M 25.79, 0322.56C 0025.79, 0322.56 0074.77, 0331.72 0118.85, 0472.12L 0164.56, 
             0440.08C 0164.56, 0440.08 0215.17, 0263.05 0442.09, 0110.44L 0432.3, 0092.12C 0432.3, 
             0092.12 0213.54, 0218.79 0136.8, 0380.56C 0136.8, 0380.56 0110.68, 0304.25 0069.87, 
             0298.15C 0069.87, 0298.15 015.87, 0317.99 0025.79, 0322.56 Z "

             Fill="White" />
          </Viewbox>
        </Border>
      </Viewbox>
    </ContentControl>
    <ContentControl x:Key="BlueQuestionControl">
      <Viewbox>
        <Border Width="40"

            Height="40"

            Background="#FF458E1D"

            CornerRadius="20">
          <Viewbox Width="50"

               Height="24"

               HorizontalAlignment="center"

               VerticalAlignment="Center"

               Stretch="Uniform">
            <Path Margin="-25.79,-90,0,0"

               Data="F1 M  0217.2, 0472.65L  0114.06, 0472.65L  0114.06, 0374.36L  0217.2, 0374.36M  
               0117.57, 0236.49L  0018.74, 0225.72C  0033.82, 0141.52  0082.74, 0099.42  0165.5, 
               0099.42C  0207.14, 0099.42  0240, 0110.42  0264.06, 0132.41C  0288.11, 0154.4  300.14, 
               0181.65 0300.14, 0214.14C 0300.14, 0228.5  0297.76, 0241.6  0293, 0253.45C  0288.24, 
               0265.3  0282.14, 0275.04  0274.69, 0282.67C  0267.24, 0290.3  0255.17, 0300.22  0238.47, 
               0312.42C  0225.72, 0321.76  0217.61, 0328.54  0214.1, 0332.75C 0210.6, 0336.98  0208.22, 
               0343.12  0206.97, 0351.2L  0117.57, 0351.2C  0117.57, 0329.48  0119.49, 0313.82  0123.36, 
               0304.21C  0127.22, 0294.61  0135.16, 0284.42  0147.19, 0273.65C  0165.32, 0257.32  
               0176.63, 0245.15  0181.12, 0237.16C  0185.6, 0229.18  0187.85, 0219.88  0187.85, 
               0209.29C  0187.85, 0198.16  0184.89, 0189.59  0178.96, 0183.57C  0173.04, 
               0177.56  0165.68, 0174.55  0156.88, 0174.55C  0130.85, 0174.55  0117.74, 
               0195.2  0117.57, 0236.49 Z "

               Fill="White" />

          </Viewbox>
        </Border>
      </Viewbox>
    </ContentControl>
    <DataTemplate DataType="{x:Type local:ShowCheck}">
      <ContentControl Content="{StaticResource GreenCheckControl}" />
    </DataTemplate>
    <DataTemplate DataType="{x:Type local:ShowQueston}">
      <ContentControl Content="{StaticResource BlueQuestionControl}" />
    </DataTemplate>
    <DataTemplate DataType="{x:Type local:ShowX}">
      <ContentControl Content="{StaticResource RedXControl}" />
    </DataTemplate>
  </Window.Resources>
  <Grid>
    <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
      <ColumnDefinition />
      <ColumnDefinition />
    </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
    <StackPanel HorizontalAlignment="Center"

          VerticalAlignment="Center"

          Orientation="Vertical">
      <RadioButton Content="Question Selected"

             IsChecked="{Binding QuestionChecked}" />
      <RadioButton Content="Check Selected"

             IsChecked="{Binding CheckChecked}" />
      <RadioButton Content="X Selected"

             IsChecked="{Binding XChecked}" />
    </StackPanel>
    <ContentControl Grid.Column="1"

            Margin="10"

            HorizontalAlignment="Center"

            VerticalAlignment="Center"

            Content="{Binding Icon}" />
  </Grid>
</Window>

The important parts are that a DataTemplate is exits containing the XAML for each image that is to be displayed, and that DataTemplate is associated with a ViewModel. A ContentControl is placed at the location where the images are to appear, and the Content for that ContentControl is bound to a property in the ViewModel that is set to an instance of the class that is associated with the image in the DataTemplate.

Image 1

Conclusion

Don’t know why I did not think of this earlier. It does make things very simple and clear, and I have used the DataTemplate associated with a class and ContentControl a lot in the work I have done. A lot easier than trying to do this with Visibility either through a converter or directly.

History

  • 03/03/2018: Initial version

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

Clifford Nelson
Software Developer (Senior) Clifford Nelson Consulting
United States United States
Has been working as a C# developer on contract for the last several years, including 3 years at Microsoft. Previously worked with Visual Basic and Microsoft Access VBA, and have developed code for Word, Excel and Outlook. Started working with WPF in 2007 when part of the Microsoft WPF team. For the last eight years has been working primarily as a senior WPF/C# and Silverlight/C# developer. Currently working as WPF developer with BioNano Genomics in San Diego, CA redesigning their UI for their camera system. he can be reached at qck1@hotmail.com.

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Tip/Trick
Posted 3 Mar 2018

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